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GKT137831 dual NADPH oxidase Nox1/Nox4 inhibitor

Catalog No.B4763
Size Price Stock Qty
5mg
$105.00
In stock
10mg
$160.00
In stock
50mg
$470.00
In stock

Tel: +1-832-696-8203

Email: [email protected]

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Chemical structure

GKT137831

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

Monolayers of HPAECs and HPASMCs, Pulmonary artery endothelial cells

Preparation method

Soluble in DMSO. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 ℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Reacting condition

0.1–20 μM, 24 hours

Applications

GKT137831 (5 μM, 20 μM) attenuated hypoxia-induced HPAECs and HPASMCs proliferation. GKT137831 (20 μM) attenuated hypoxia-induced H2O2 generation in HPAECs and HPASMCs. During the entire 72-hour hypoxia exposure, GKT137831 administration during the last 24 hours attenuated hypoxia-induced reductions in HPAEC and HPASMC PPARγ expression.

Animal experiment [1-3]:

Animal models

C57Bl/6 mice exposed to normoxic or hypoxic conditions for 3 weeks, wild-type (WT) and SOD1G37R mutant C57BL/6J mice, Diabetic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice

Dosage form

Oral gavage, 30 or 60 mg/kg/d, daily for 10 days

Application

GKT137831 (30 or 60 mg/kg/d) attenuated chronic hypoxia-induced right ventricular hypertrophy, pulmonary vascular remodeling, increases in vessel wall thickness, and proliferation. GKT137831 attenuated hypoxia-induced reductions in PPARγ and increased in TGF-β1 expression. In WT and SOD1mut mice, GKT137831 (60 mg/kg, intragastric (IG) injection) blocked liver fibrosis and downregulated markers of oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis. In diabetic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, GKT137831 (60 mg/kg/d, p.o.) attenuated diabetes mellitus-accelerated atherosclerosis.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Green D E, Murphy T C, Kang B Y, et al. The Nox4 inhibitor GKT137831 attenuates hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular cell proliferation[J]. American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 2012, 47(5): 718-726.

[2]. Aoyama T, Paik Y H, Watanabe S, et al. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase in experimental liver fibrosis: GKT137831 as a novel potential therapeutic agent[J]. Hepatology, 2012, 56(6): 2316-2327.

[3]. Gray SP1, Di Marco E, Okabe J, Szyndralewiez C, et al. NADPH oxidase 1 plays a key role in diabetes mellitus-accelerated atherosclerosis. Circulation. 2013 May 7;127(18):1888-902.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 1218942-37-0 SDF Download SDF
Chemical Name 2-(2-chlorophenyl)-4-(3-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-5-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-c]pyridine-3,6(2H,5H)-dione
Canonical SMILES CN(C1=CC=CC(C2=C(C3=O)C(NN3C4=CC=CC=C4Cl)=CC(N2C)=O)=C1)C
Formula C21H19ClN4O2 M.Wt 394.85
Solubility >39.5mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Background

Ki: 140 nM and 110 nM

GKT137831 is a specific dual NADPH oxidase Nox1/Nox4 inhibitor, respectively[1].

Both Nox1 and Nox4 expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are targeted to discreet intracellular locations, are differentially regulated in response to growth factors and vascular injury, and are activated by distinct mechanis

In vitro: GKT137831 lowers hypoxia-induced H(2)O(2) release, cell proliferation, and TGF-β1 expression and attenuated reductions in PPARγ in HPAECs and HPASMCs. [2] GKT137831 also is a blockade of oxidative stress in response to hyperglycemia in human aortic endothelial cells. [3]

In vivo: In WT and SOD1mut mice, GKT137831 (60 mg/kg i.g.) prevents liver fibrosis and downregulates markers of oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis. [1] In mouse model of chronic hypoxia exposure, GKT137831 (60 mg/kg/d p.o.) attenuates lung PPARγ and TGF-β1 expression of chronic hypoxia–induced right ventricular hypertrophy, vascular remodeling, lung cell proliferation, and hypoxic alterations [2]. GKT137831 (60 mg/kg/d p.o.) also attenuates diabetes mellitus-stimulated atherosclerosis in diabetic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. [3] Furtermore, GKT137831 prevents the increase of oxidative stress in angII-infused c-hNox4Tg mice, abolishes Akt-mTOR and NF-κB signaling pathway and lowers cardiac remodeling. [4]

Clinical trial: Clinical study has been conducted.

References:
[1] Aoyama T, Paik YH, Watanabe S, Laleu B, Gaggini F, Fioraso-Cartier L, Molango S, Heitz F, Merlot C, Szyndralewiez C, Page P, Brenner DA.  Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase in experimental liver fibrosis: GKT137831 as a novel potential therapeutic agent. Hepatology. 2012 Dec;56(6):2316-27.
[2] Green DE, Murphy TC, Kang BY, Kleinhenz JM, Szyndralewiez C, Page P, Sutliff RL, Hart CM.  Circulation. The Nox4 inhibitor GKT137831 attenuates hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular cell proliferation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Nov;47(5):718-26.
[3] Gray SP, Di Marco E, Okabe J, Szyndralewiez C, Heitz F, Montezano AC, de Haan JB, Koulis C, El-Osta A, Andrews KL, Chin-Dusting JP, Touyz RM, Wingler K, Cooper ME, Schmidt HH, Jandeleit-Dahm KA.  NADPH oxidase 1 plays a key role in diabetes mellitus-accelerated atherosclerosis. Circulation. 2013 May 7;127(18):1888-902.
[4] Zhao QD, Viswanadhapalli S2, Williams P2, Shi Q2, Tan C2, Yi X2, Bhandari B2, Abboud HE2.  NADPH oxidase 4 induces cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy through activating Akt/mTOR and NFκB signaling pathways. Circulation. 2015 Feb 17;131(7):643-55.