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GW788388ALK5 inhibitor,potent and selective

GW788388

Catalog No. A8301
Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO) $70.00 In stock
5mg $60.00 In stock
25mg $180.00 In stock
100mg $385.00 In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Quality Control & MSDS

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Chemical structure

GW788388

Biological Activity

Description GW788388 is a potent and selective inhibitor of ALK5 with an IC50 value of 18 nM.
Targets ALK5          
IC50 18 nM          

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

NMuMG and MDA-MD-231 cells

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is >10 mM. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 °C for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20 °C for several months.

Reaction Conditions

1, 2.5, 5 or 10 μM; 1 hr

Applications

In NMuMG and MDA-MD-231 cells, GW788388 dose-dependently inhibited TGF-β-induced Smad2 phosphorylation. In addition, TGF-β-mediated Smad1/5 phosphorylation, which requires ALK5 and TbRII, was also inhibited by GW788388.

Animal experiment [1]:

Animal models

A db/db mouse model of spontaneous diabetic nephropathy

Dosage form

2 mg/kg/day; p.o.; for 5 weeks

Applications

In a db/db mouse model of spontaneous diabetic nephropathy, GW788388 significantly reduced collagen deposits, substantially improved glomerulopathy (marked by mesangial matrix expansion, mesangial hypertrophy, proliferation, and glomerular basement membrane thickening), as well as decreased urinary albumin concentrations.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Petersen, M., et al., Oral administration of GW788388, an inhibitor of TGF-beta type I and II receptor kinases, decreases renal fibrosis. Kidney Int, 2008. 73(6): p. 705-15.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 452342-67-5 SDF Download SDF
Chemical Name N-(oxan-4-yl)-4-[4-(5-pyridin-2-yl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyridin-2-yl]benzamide
Canonical SMILES C1COCCC1NC(=O)C2=CC=C(C=C2)C3=NC=CC(=C3)C4=C(NN=C4)C5=CC=CC=N5
Formula C25H23N5O2 M.Wt 425.49
Solubility Soluble in DMSO > 10 mM Storage Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.
General tips No
Shipping Condition No

Background

GW788388 is a selective inhibitor of ALK5 with IC50 value of 18 nM [1].

Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) type I receptor (ALK5) is the receptor of TGF-beta and plays an important role in transducing the TGF-beta signal from the cell surface to the cytoplasm [2 ].

GW788388 is a potent TGF-beta type I receptor inhibitor and has a much improved pharmacokinetic profile compared with the reported TGF-beta type I receptor inhibitor SB431542. When tested with human embryonic kidney 293T cells transfected with ALK5, TβRII, BMPRII or ActRII, GW788388 exhibited specific inhibitory function on the autophosphorylation of ALK5 and TβRII, while had some extent to ActRII and had no effect on BMPRII. Further, using Namrumurine mammary gland (NMuMG), MDA-MB-231, renal cell carcinoma (RCC)4 and U2OS cell lines, GW788388 treatment inhibited TGF-β-induced Smad2 phosphorylation, inhibited TGF-β-induced EMT and growth, and TGF-β-induced fibrotic responses [1]. In ESCC/fibroblast/HMVEC co-culture model, GW788388 treatment (1 μM) resulted in a complete reversal of vascular network formation that indicated GW788388 blocked ESCC-induced neoangiogenesis [3].

In 6-month-old db/db mouse model of spontaneous diabetic nephropathy, administration of GW788388 at the dose of 2 mg/kg/day orally for 5 weeks attenuated renal fibrosis without any side-effect [1]. In 10-week Sprague-Dawley rats model, oral administration of GW788388 (100-1000 mg/kg/day) for 4 days induced the thickness of femoral physis in a dose-dependent manner and severity of physeal changes , as well as subphyseal hyperostosis, increased with duration of dosing progressing from minimal to moderate in rats given 300 mg/kg/day for 10 days [2].

References:
[1].  Petersen, M., et al., Oral administration of GW788388, an inhibitor of TGF-beta type I and II receptor kinases, decreases renal fibrosis. Kidney Int, 2008. 73(6): p. 705-15.
[2].  Frazier, K., et al., Inhibition of ALK5 signaling induces physeal dysplasia in rats. Toxicol Pathol, 2007. 35(2): p. 284-95.
[3].  Noma, K., et al., The essential role of fibroblasts in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma-induced angiogenesis. Gastroenterology, 2008. 134(7): p. 1981-93.