|SD-208 TGF-βR I kinase inhibitor|
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
Publications citing ApexBio Products
|Description||SD-208 is a potent, orally active inhibitor of TGF-βR I kinase with an IC50 value of 49 nM based on direct enzymatic assay.|
|Targets||TGF-βR I kinase|
|Cas No.||627536-09-8||SDF||Download SDF|
|Synonyms||SD 208; SD208|
|Solubility||Soluble in DMSO > 10 mM||Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Physical Appearance||A crystalline solid||Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
EC50: SD-208 inhibits the growth inhibition of TGF-β–sensitive CCL64 cells at an EC50 of 0.1 μmol/L .
The cytokine transforming growth factor (TGF)-β has become a major target for the experimental treatment of human malignant gliomas. SD-208, a novel transforming growth factor β receptor I kinase inhibitor, inhibits growth and invasiveness and enhances immunogenicity of murine and human Glioma cells both in vitro and in vivo.
In vitro: SD-208 inhibits the growth inhibition of TGF-β–sensitive CCL64 cells mediated by recombinant TGF-β1 or TGF-β2 or of TGF-β–containing glioma cell supernatant at an EC50 of 0.1 μmol/L. SD-208 also blocks autocrine and paracrine TGF-β signaling in glioma cells as detected by the phosphorylation of Smad2 or TGF-β reporter assays and strongly inhibits constitutive and TGF-β–evoked migration and invasion, but not viability or proliferation. Moreover, SD-208 restores the lytic activity of polyclonal natural killer cells against glioma cells in the presence of recombinant TGF-β or of TGF-β–containing glioma cell supernatant. .
In vivo: The oral bioavailability of SD-208 was verified by demonstrating the inhibition of TGF-β–induced Smad phosphorylation in spleen and brain. Systemic SD-208 treatment initiated 3 days after the implantation of SMA-560 cells into the brains of syngeneic VM/Dk mice prolongs their median survival from 18.6 to 25.1 days. Histologic analysis revealed no difference in blood vessel formation, proliferation, or apoptosis. However, animals responding to SD-208 showed an increased tumor infiltration by natural killer cells, CD8 T cells, and macrophages. These data define TGF-β receptor I kinase inhibitors such as SD-208 as promising novel agents for the treatment of human malignant glioma and other conditions associated with pathological TGF-β activity .
Clinical trial: Up to now, SD-208 is still in the preclinical development stage.
 Leung SY, Niimi A, Noble A, Oates T, Williams AS, Medicherla S, Protter AA, Chung KF. Effect of transforming growth factor-beta receptor I kinase inhibitor 2,4-disubstituted pteridine (SD-208) in chronic allergic airway inflammation and remodeling. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006;319(2):586-94.