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Chloroquine diphosphate

Catalog No.
Antimalarial drug,TLR7 TLR9 inhibitor
Grouped product items
SizePriceStock Qty
10mM (in 1mL H2O)
In stock
In stock

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Chloroquine diphosphate is used as an antimalarial drug and also functions to increase sensitivity of tumor cells to radiation and chemotherapy via inducing autophagy [1].

Chloroquine diphosphate has been reported as an adjuvant for radiation and chemotherapy for inducing cell autophagy to anti-cancer cells proliferation or metastasis [2]. The mechanism of chloroquine diphosphate inducing cells autophagy is arresting cells in G1, up-regulates the expression of p27 and p53 while down-regulates the expression of CDK2 and cyclin D1 [3].

Apart from anti-malarial, chloroquine diphosphate also has long been reported functioning in cell apoptosis. Pretreated CNE-2 human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells with chloroquine diphosphate enhanced ionizing radiation induced cell apoptosis via increasing cells autophagic ratio [4]. When treated with mouse breast cancer 4T1 cells, chloroquine diphosphate treatment inhibited cellular proliferation and viability which resulted in cells apoptosis in a time- and dose- dependent manner [2]. In human colon cancer DLD-1 cells, combination of 5-FU and chloroquine diphosphate could inhibit cells proliferation via inducing autophagy [3].

In mouse model with 4T1 cells subcutaneous xenograft, chloroquine diphosphate treatment significantly inhibited tumor growth and tumor cells metastasis to the lung, thus enhanced the mice survival [2]. In BALB/c mice injected with colon26 cells subcutaneously, chloroquine diphosphate cooperated with 5-FU significantly enhanced the inhibition of tumor growth induced by 5-FU through increasing the ratio of apoptotic cells [5].

[1].  Gewirtz, D.A., An autophagic switch in the response of tumor cells to radiation and chemotherapy. Biochem Pharmacol, 2014. 90(3): p. 208-11.
[2].  Jiang, P.D., et al., Antitumor and antimetastatic activities of chloroquine diphosphate in a murine model of breast cancer. Biomed Pharmacother, 2010. 64(9): p. 609-14.
[3].  Choi, J.H., et al., Chloroquine enhances the chemotherapeutic activity of 5-fluorouracil in a colon cancer cell line via cell cycle alteration. APMIS, 2012. 120(7): p. 597-604.
[4].  Zhou, Z.R., et al., Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 regulates the mechanism of irradiation-induced CNE-2 human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell autophagy and inhibition of autophagy contributes to the radiation sensitization of CNE-2 cells. Oncol Rep, 2013. 29(6): p. 2498-506.
[5].  Sasaki, K., et al., Resistance of colon cancer to 5-fluorouracil may be overcome by combination with chloroquine, an in vivo study. Anticancer Drugs, 2012. 23(7): p. 675-82.

Product Citation

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA solid
StorageDesiccate at RT
Cas No.50-63-5
Solubility≥106.06mg/mL in H2O
Chemical Name4-N-(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)-1-N,1-N-diethylpentane-1,4-diamine;phosphoric acid
SDFDownload SDF
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.


Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

Mouse breast cancer 4T1 cells

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is limited. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 °C for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below - 20 °C for several months.

Reacting condition

3.125, 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50 and 100 μM; 24, 48 and 72 hrs


According to the results of the MTT assay, Chloroquine Diphosphate dose- and time-dependently inhibited proliferation of 4T1 cells.

Animal experiment [1]:

Animal models

4T1 tumor-bearing BALB/c mice

Dosage form

25 and 50 mg/kg; i.p.; q.d., for 28 days


Chloroquine Diphosphate treatment at the doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg significantly reduced the rates of primary tumor growth. In addition, 30% and 60% of mice in the 25 and 50 mg/kg Chloroquine Diphosphate-treated groups still survived on 61st day.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.


[1]. Jiang, P.D., et al., Antitumor and antimetastatic activities of chloroquine diphosphate in a murine model of breast cancer. Biomed Pharmacother, 2010. 64(9): p. 609-14.

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