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Glimepiride

Catalog No.
A4033
Sulfonylurea compound
Grouped product items
SizePriceStock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$60.00
In stock
1g
$79.00
In stock
5g
$285.00
In stock

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Background

Glimepiride is a sulfonylurea compound and is used to control blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

When cultured cells in the presence of a physiological insulin dose and glimepiride (10 μM), 2-deoxyglucose uptake was increased to 186% of control. Glimepiride also increased 2-deoxyglucose uptake in the absence of insulin. At the same time, glimepiride increased the expression of both GLUT1 and GLUT4 to 164% and 148% of control, respectively. These results suggested glimepiride increased cardiac glucose uptake in an insulin-independent pathway [1].

In diabetic-prone (DP) BB rats, Glimepiride (200 mg/kg/day) reduced the incidence of diabetes by 23% compared with the control group [2]. In the hyperinsulinemic hyperglycemic KK-Ay mice, glimepiride reduced blood glucose by 40%, HBA1c by 33% and plasma insulin by 50%. In the absence of insulin, glimepiride caused glucose transport up to 60% and 35% of the maximum insulin response in the rat diaphragm and in 3T3 adipocytes, respectively [3].

References:
[1].  B?hr M, von Holtey M, Müller G, et al. Direct stimulation of myocardial glucose transport and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) and GLUT4 protein expression by the sulfonylurea glimepiride. Endocrinology, 1995, 136(6): 2547-2553.
[2].  Pan J, Chan EK, Cheta D, et al. The effects of nicotinamide and glimepiride on diabetes prevention in BB rats. Life Sci, 1995, 57(16): 1525-1532.
[3].  Müller G, Satoh Y, Geisen K. Extrapancreatic effects of sulfonylureas--a comparison between glimepiride and conventional sulfonylureas. Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 1995, 28 Suppl: S115-37.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA solid
StorageStore at -20°C
M.Wt490.62
Cas No.93479-97-1
FormulaC24H34N4O5S
Solubility≥21.45 mg/mL in DMSO,insoluble in EtOH,insoluble in H2O
Chemical Name4-ethyl-3-methyl-N-[2-[4-[(4-methylcyclohexyl)carbamoylsulfamoyl]phenyl]ethyl]-5-oxo-2H-pyrrole-1-carboxamide
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESCCC1=C(CN(C1=O)C(=O)NCCC2=CC=C(C=C2)S(=O)(=O)NC(=O)NC3CCC(CC3)C)C
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.

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