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Atractyloside Dipotassium SaltANT inhibitor

Atractyloside Dipotassium Salt

Catalog No. A8188
Size Price Stock Qty
1mg $120.00 In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Citations

1. Zhu H, Ding Y, et al. "Prostaglandin E1 protects coronary microvascular function via the glycogen synthase kinase 3β-mitochondrial permeability transition pore pathway in rat hearts subjected to sodium laurate-induced coronary microembolization." Am J Transl Res. 2017 May 15;9(5):2520-2534. PMID:28560002

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Chemical structure

Atractyloside Dipotassium Salt

Related Biological Data

Atractyloside Dipotassium Salt

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 102130-43-8 SDF Download SDF
Chemical Name potassium (2R,3R,4R,5R,6S)-6-(((2aR,3R,5R,6aR,6bS,9R,11S,11aR)-3-carboxy-11-hydroxy-6a-methyl-10-methylenetetradecahydro-9,11a-methanocyclohepta[a]naphthalen-5-yl)oxy)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-5-((3-methylbutanoyl)oxy)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4-diyl bis(sulfate)
Canonical SMILES CC(C)CC(=O)OC1C(C(C(OC1OC2CC(C3CCC45CC(CCC4C3(C2)C)C(=C)C5O)C(=O)O)CO)OS(=O)(=O)[O-])OS(=O)(=O)[O-].[K+].[K+]
Formula C30H44K2O16S2 M.Wt 802.99
Solubility >37.05mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

Background

Atractyloside Dipotassium Salt is an inhibitor of ADP/ATP Translocase.

ATP-ADP translocase (AAT) is a mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier. It transports ATP from the mitochondrial matrix to the cytoplasm and transports ADP from the cytoplasm to the mitochondrial matrix.

In Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, atractyloside (3 mM) inhibited cells growth by 70%. The mitochondria became spherical shaped with translucent matrix rid of cristae. When transfered to normal medium, proliferation and macromolecular synthesis recovered to normal levels within 3 to 6 h [2].

In the sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles from the rabbit skeletal muscle with 10 μM of cytoplasmic Ca2+, atractyloside reduced the rate of choline+ influx through the Ca2+ channels to 60%. Also, it inhibited about half of Ca2+ channels incorporated into planar bilayers [1]. In mitochondrial membranes isolated from a rat heart muscle, atractyloside (5-100 μM) inhibited the chloride channels in dose-dependent way [3].

References:
[1].  Yamaguchi N, Kagari T, Kasai M. Inhibition of the ryanodine receptor calcium channel in the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle by an ADP/ATP translocase inhibitor, atractyloside. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 1999, 258(2): 247-251.
[2].  Pick-Kober KH, Schneider F. Proliferation, macromolecular synthesis and energy metabolism of in vitro grown Ehrlich ascites tumor cells after inhibition of ATP-ADP translocation by atractyloside. Eur J Cell Biol, 1984, 34(2): 323-329.
[3].  Malekova L, Kominkova V, Ferko M, et al. Bongkrekic acid and atractyloside inhibits chloride channels from mitochondrial membranes of rat heart. Biochim Biophys Acta, 2007, 1767(1): 31-44.