In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
IC50: 4.67, 2.73, and 6.38 for HT-29, HeLa, and PC3 cells, respectively
Amonafide is a novel topoisomerase II inhibitor. Topoisomerase II plays critical roles including DNA transcription, replication and chromosome segregation. Though the biological functions of topoisomerase II are important for insuring genomic integrity, the ability to interfere with topoisomerase II and generate enzyme mediated DNA damage is an effective strategy for cancer chemotherapy.
In vitro: Amonafide intercalated with DNA and disrupted the loading of topoisomerases. In contrast to the classic agents, amonafide was found to induce higher molecular weight fragmentation, resulting in the apoptosis without DNA cleavage. Amonafide was found to act in an ATP-independent manner and seemed unlikely to induce the chromosome translocations associated with treatmentinduced leukemia .
In vivo: Amonafide was found to be able to inhibit IP L1210 leukemia, with optimal increased life spans (ILS) of 61% to 106% following single 16 mg/kg dosing on days 1 to 9. Similar efficacy was noted against IP P388 murine leukemia and the SC implanted L1210 leukemia. Additionally, amonafide demonstrated activity against two nonleukemic IP implanted murine tumors, the M5076 sarcoma and the B16 melanoma .
Clinical trial: A multicenter, open-label, combination Phase II study was conducted for patients with sAML, evaluating the efficacy of cytarabine and amonafide administered as a continuous iv. Infusion of cytarabine on days 1-7 combined with 600 mg/m2/day for days 1-5.
 Freeman CL,Swords R,Giles FJ. Amonafide: a future in treatment of resistant and secondary acute myeloid leukemia Expert Rev Hematol.2012 Feb;5(1):17-26.
 Saez R,Craig JB,Kuhn JG,Weiss GR,Koeller J,Phillips J,Havlin K,Harman G,Hardy J,Melink TJ, et al. Phase I clinical investigation of amonafide. J Clin Oncol.1989 Sep;7(9):1351-8.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥14.2mg/mL in DMSO|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|