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Catalog No.
P-glycoprotein inhibitor
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Valspodar is a potent inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) widely used in preclinical and clinical studies [1].
P-gp is a transmembrane glycoprotein which is located on cell membrane. P-gp distributes extensively and is expressed in certain cell types primarily containing liver, colon, kidney and pancreas. It also is known as multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1) which is pumps foreign substances out of cells. P-gp decreases the net uptake of cytotoxic drugs into the cells and mediats the efflux of these agents out of the cells, which is ATP-dependent. P-gp also overexpress in some cancer cells. P-gp plays an important role in mediating resistance to anticancer drugs and decreasing drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cancer cells.[1]
Valspodar can reverse the resistance to mitoxantrane which is due to the expression of P-gp. The IC50 of mitoxantrane decreased from 1.6 ± 0.13 μM to 0.4 ± 0.02
μM in MDA-MB-435mdr cells pretreated with 3 mg/ml PSC. Valspodar increase the mitoxantrane intracellular accumulation by decreasing drug efflux and increasing mitoxantrone net uptake in cells.[1] The cytotoxicity was significant greater in T47D/TAMR-6 cells treated with doxorubicin and valspodar than doxorubicin only. Co-encapsulation of doxorubicin and valspodar presents a promising anticancer effect.[2] Valspodar was rapid absorpted and reachs  the  peak  within  2 hnafter an oral dose. Valspodar showed properties of wide distribution, low hepatic extraction and mean bioavailability of 42.8% in rat.[3]
[1].    Shen F, Bailey BJ, Chu S, Bence AK, Xue X, Erickson P, Safa AR, Beck WT, Erickson LC: Dynamic assessment of mitoxantrone resistance and modulation of multidrug resistance by valspodar (PSC833) in multidrug resistance human cancer cells. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2009, 330(2):423-429.
[2].    Bajelan E, Haeri A, Vali AM, Ostad SN, Dadashzadeh S: Co-delivery of doxorubicin and PSC 833 (Valspodar) by stealth nanoliposomes for efficient overcoming of multidrug resistance. J Pharm Pharm Sci 2012, 15(4):568-582.
[3].    Binkhathlan Z, Hamdy DA, Brocks DR, Lavasanifar A: Pharmacokinetics of PSC 833 (valspodar) in its Cremophor EL formulation in rat. Xenobiotica 2010, 40(1):55-61.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceWhite solid
StorageStore at -20°C
Cas No.121584-18-7
SynonymsPSC 833;PSC-833;PSC833
SolubilityLimited solubility, soluble in DMSO
Chemical NamePSC 833;PSC-833;PSC833
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESCC=CCC(C)C(=O)C1C(=O)NC(C(=O)N(CC(=O)N(C(C(=O)NC(C(=O)N(C(C(=O)NC(C(=O)NC(C(=O)N(C(C(=O)N(C(C(=O)N(C(C(=O)N1C)C(C)C)C)CC(C)C)C)CC(C)C)C)C)C)CC(C)C)C)C(C)C)CC(C)C)C)C)C(C)C
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

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