|SAGHh and Smo agonist|
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
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|Cas No.||912545-86-9||SDF||Download SDF|
|Solubility||Soluble in DMSO||Storage||Store at -20°C|
SAG is a synthetic chlorobenzothiophene-containing Hh pathway agonist that regulates smo activity. It is a SMO agonist at EC50 of 3 nM and but inhibits hedgehog signaling at >1 μM. 
Smoothened (SMO) is a GPCR-like receptor that mediates hedgehog signaling with Patched to regulate gene expression through the Gli transcription factors. It is plays an important role for embryogenesis and adults tissue homeostasis
In a mouse cultured cell assay (Shh-LIGHT2), SAG induces pathway activation (EC50 ≈3 nM). It differs in that pathway activity decreases dramatically as SAG concentration surpasses 1 μM.  SAG binds directly to the SMO heptahelical bundle. SAG dose dependently blocks this association and produces apparent dissociation constant (KD) of 59 nM for the SAG/SMO complex. 
SAG also antagonizes GC’s antiproliferative effects in CGNP P4 wild-type mice primary cultures. At 15-240 nM, SAG prevents the neurotoxic effects of glucocorticoids without interfering with the beneficial effects of glucocorticoids on lung maturation. 
1. Chen JK, Taipale J, Young KE et al. Small molecule modulation of Smoothened activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Oct 29;99(22):14071-6.
2. Heine VM, Griveau A, Chapin C et al. A small-molecule smoothened agonist prevents glucocorticoid-induced neonatal cerebellar injury. Sci Transl Med. 2011 Oct 19;3(105):105ra104.