In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Probenecid is an inhibitor of organic anion transport and MRP  . Also, probenecid inhibited pannexin-1 channel with IC50 value of 150μM .
Multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) are ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters that transport various molecules across cellular membranes and are involved in multi-drug resistance.
Probenecid is an inhibitor of organic anion transport, MRP and pannexin-1 channel. In MRP-overexpressing HL60/AR and H69/AR tumor cell lines, probenecid reversed resistance to daunorubicin (DNR) and vincristine (VCR) in a concentration-dependent way . In wild-type AML-2 cells, probenecid increased the MRP levels in a dose- and time-dependent way. In MRP-overexpressing AML cells, probenecid exhibited a significant chemosensitizing effect. These results suggested that probenecid functioned as an effective chemosensitizer of multidrug resistance (MDR) tumor cells but also an MRP activator .
In ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury rats, probenecid protected against CA1 neuronal death. Probenecid strengthened the upregulation of Hsp70 and inhibited the expression of calpain-1 and the released of cathepsin B. Also, probenecid inhibited the proliferation of astrocytes and microglia .
. Gollapudi S, Kim CH, Tran BN, et al. Probenecid reverses multidrug resistance in multidrug resistance-associated protein-overexpressing HL60/AR and H69/AR cells but not in P-glycoprotein-overexpressing HL60/Tax and P388/ADR cells. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol, 1997, 40(2): 150-158.
. Kim HS, Min YD, Choi CH. Double-edged sword of chemosensitizer: increase of multidrug resistance protein (MRP) in leukemic cells by an MRP inhibitor probenecid. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2001, 283(1): 64-71.
. Silverman W, Locovei S, Dahl G. Probenecid, a gout remedy, inhibits pannexin 1 channels. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 2008, 295(3): C761-767.
. Wei R, Wang J, Xu Y, et al. Probenecid protects against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by inhibiting lysosomal and inflammatory damage in rats. Neuroscience, 2015, 301: 168-177.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥8.7mg/mL in DMSO|
|Chemical Name||4-(dipropylsulfamoyl)benzoic acid|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
Quality Control & MSDS
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