In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
IC50: A potent, selective and cell-permeable suppressor of p38 MAP kinase, with the IC50 value of 89 nM.
PD169316, a specific p38 MAPK inhibitor, blocks signal transduction mediated by both TGF-β and Activin A, but not bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 4. Suppression on TGF-β signaling in a dose-dependent manner may then reduce Smad2 and Smad3 phosphorylation, block nuclear translocation and increase the expression of TGF-β target gene. 
In vitro: It was reported that pretreatment of CaOV3 cells with 10 M PD169316 caused a significant decrease in Smad2 and Smad3 phosphorylation which was mediated by TGF-β. The inhibitory effect of PD 169316 was proved to act in a dose-dependent manner. Study also demonstrated that PD169316 at 5 M or higher dose directly suppressed TGF-β signaling activity. 
In vivo: Based on an amyloid β (Aβ) rat model of Alzheimer's disease, the effect of PD 169316 on apoptosis induced by amyloid beta was examined. It was demonstrated that caspase-3 and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, two marks of apoptosis, were significantly decreased in the rats pre-treated with PD169316 intracerebroventricularly. This study suggested the potential neuroprotective role of PD 169316 against the neuronal toxicity induced by Aβ. 
Clinical trial: So far, no clinical trial has been conducted.
Fu YX, O’Connor LM, Shepherd TG and Nachtigal MW. The p38 MAPK inhibitor, PD169316, inhibits transforming growth factor β-induced Smad signaling in human ovarian cancer cells. Biochem Bioph Res Co. 2003. 310: 3917.
Ashabi G, Alamdary SZ, Ramin M and Khodagholi F. Reduction of hippocampal apoptosis by intracerebroventricular administration of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase and/or P38 inhibitors in amyloid beta rat model of Alzheimer’s disease: involvement of nuclear-related factor-2 and nuclear factor-κb. Basic Clin. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 2013 Aug. 112: 145–55.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥15.3mg/mL in DMSO|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|