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Nitecapone

Catalog No.
C4217
S-COMT inhibitor
Grouped product items
SizePriceStock Qty
5mg
$64.00
In stock
10mg
$121.00
In stock
25mg
$256.00
In stock

Tel: +1-832-696-8203

Email: [email protected]

Worldwide Distributors

Background

Nitecapone is S-COMT inhibitor [1].

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays an essential role in normal brain function and has been implicated in human disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. The COMT has been involved in the degradation of catecholamines including dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. [1].

In vitro: Nitecapone is a highly effective inhibitor of rat S-COMT with IC50 values of about 300 nM in the liver and 20 nM in the brain tissues. The Ki value in the rat liver was 23 nM. In pure recombinant COMT enzyme forms, the Ki value of nitecapone was around 1 nM [1]. Nitecapone was selective for COMT, inhibiting dopamine-β-hydroxylase, tyrosine hydroxylase, DOPA decarboxylase, and monoamine oxidase-A/B with IC50 values in the micromolar range [1].

In vivo: In rats, oral administration of nitecapone (3-30 mg/kg) in combination with levodopa and carbidopa effectively reduced 3-OMD formation and elevated serum and brain l-dopa, dopamine, DOPAC, and HVA levels. Nitecapone prevented ischemia-reperfusion injury in experimental heart surgery in rats. Nitecapone increased bicarbonate secretion from rat and human duodenum after both i.v. and intraluminal administration. High concentrations of nitecapone increased synthesis and secretion of gastric sulfomucin [1].

Reference:
[1] Mnnist P T, Kaakkola S.  Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT): biochemistry, molecular biology, pharmacology, and clinical efficacy of the new selective COMT inhibitors[J]. Pharmacological reviews, 1999, 51(4): 593-628.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA crystalline solid
StorageStore at -20°C
M.Wt265.2
Cas No.116313-94-1
FormulaC12H11NO6
SynonymsOR-462
Solubilityinsoluble in H2O; ≥3.64 mg/mL in EtOH with ultrasonic; ≥60.4 mg/mL in DMSO
Chemical Name3-[(3,4-dihydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)methylene]-2,4-pentanedione
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESOC1=C([N+]([O-])=O)C=C(/C=C(C(C)=O)/C(C)=O)C=C1O
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.

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