In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
IC50: Not available.
Equol is an isoflavan produced by intestinal bacteria in response to soy isoflavone intake in human. It shows a wide range of activities including antioxidant activity, anti-inflammation activity and anticancer activity. It is reported that Equol specifically binds to 5α-DHT and has a modest affinity for recombinant estrogen receptor ERβ, which may be responsible for most of Equol’s biological properties. 
In vitro: In vitro studies were conducted to measure both the binding affinity of Equol for 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5alpha-DHT) and the effects of Equol treatment in human prostate cancer (LNCap) cells. It was found that Equol bound to 5alpha-DHT with maximum and half maxim concentrations of 100 nM and 4.8 nM, respectively. In addition, Equol significantly offset the increases in PSA levels from LNCap cells. 
In vivo: An in vivo study was performed to investigate effects of equol on rat prostate weight and circulating levels of sex steroid hormones. 1.0 mg/kg of Equol was injected to Long-Evans rats fed with a low isoflavone diet for 25 days. Findings from this study suggested that Equol significantly decreased rat prostate weights and down-regulated serum levels of 5alpha-DHT. However, this agent did not alter levels of LH, testosterone and estradiol. 
Clinical trials: A clinical study on hypercholesterolemic patients demonstrated that, after 4 weeks’ dietary intervention with a soy isoflavone-containing food, brachial artery-mediated vasodilatation in equol-producers was notably higher when compared with that in equol-nonproducers. Similar differential effects between equol-producers and nonproducers were aslo reported in arterial stiffness from a study on postmenopausal women taking tibolone. 
Lund TD, Blake C, Bu L, Hamaker AN, Lephart ED. iEquol an isoflavonoid: potential for improved prostate health, in vitro and in vivo evidence. Reprod Biol Endocrin. 2011; 9(4): doi: 10.1186/1477-7827-9-4.
Setchell DR and Clerici C. Equol: Pharmacokinetics and biological actions. J Nutr. 2010 Jul; 140(7): 1363S–8S.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||insoluble in H2O; ≥12.1 mg/mL in DMSO; ≥44.8 mg/mL in EtOH|
|Shipping Condition||Ship with blue ice, or upon other requests.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. We do not recommend long-term storage for the solution, please use it up soon.|