In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Elacridar is an inhibitor of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and P-glycoprotein (P-GP) that has been used to improve the brain distribution of drugs. Recent studies have revealed that elacridar could probably be the substrate of these multidrug transporters (MDTs) .
Recent studies had shown that elacridar and taxanes co-administrated orally could increase plasma concentrations of docetaxel (four-fold) and paclitaxel (10.7-fold) in mice. Co-administration of elacridar with taxanes and ritonavir could lead to a further increase in plasma concentrations of docetaxel (37.4-fold) and paclitaxel (31.9-fold). Besides, co-administration of elacridar with taxanes and ritonavir could potently increase taxanes concentration in the brain, but not increase the brain penetration of the taxanes .
Elacridar co-administrated orally with crizotinib has shown to increase the crizotinib concentrations in plasma and brain as well as increase the brain-to-plasma ratios of crizotinib, indicating that co-administration of crizotinib with elacridar could increase oral availability of crizotinib and delivery of crizotinib to the brain .
Apart from these, the uptake of elacridar at nanomolar doses in mouse brain was proved to be limited by Pgp- and Bcrp1-induced efflux at the blood - brain barrier. In vitro, Elacridar was indicated a low intracellular accumulation at nanomolar concentrations and a high intracellular accumulation at micromolar concentrations in Pgp- and Bcrp1-overexpressing cell lines .
1.Hendrikx JJ1, Lagas JS2, Wagenaar E3, Rosing H2, Schellens JH4, Beijnen JH5, Schinkel AH3. Oral co-administration of elacridar and ritonavir enhances plasma levels of oral paclitaxel and docetaxel without affecting relative brain accumulation. Br J Cancer. 2014 May 27;110(11):2669-76. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2014.222. Epub 2014 Apr 29.
2.Chuan Tang S1, Nguyen LN, Sparidans RW, Wagenaar E, Beijnen JH, Schinkel AH.Increased oral availability and brain accumulation of the ALK inhibitor crizotinib by coadministration of the P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2) inhibitor elacridar. Int J Cancer. 2014 Mar 15;134(6):1484-94. doi: 10.1002/ijc.28475. Epub 2013 Oct 3.
3.Bankstahl JP1, Bankstahl M, Römermann K, Wanek T, Stanek J, Windhorst AD, Fedrowitz M, Erker T, Müller M, Löscher W, Langer O, Kuntner C.Tariquidar and elacridar are dose-dependently transported by P-glycoprotein and Bcrp at the blood-brain barrier: a small-animal positron emission tomography and in vitro study. Drug Metab Dispos. 2013 Apr;41(4):754-62. doi: 10.1124/dmd.112.049148. Epub 2013 Jan 10.
|Physical Appearance||Yellow solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||Soluble in DMSO|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|