Cl-Amidine (trifluoroacetate salt)
In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
IC50: 5.9 μM
Cl-Amidine is a PAD4 deimination activity inhibitor.
Protein arginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) can catalyze the post-translational modification of arginine residues on histones to form citrulline, which can change gene expression. Thus, dysregulated PAD4 activity has been implicated in cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.
In vitro: Previous study found that Cl-amidine antagonized the PAD4-mediated enhancement of the the p300GBD-GRIP1 interaction dose-dependently, and it was noteworthy that Cl-amidine treatment had only a minimal reduction in the efficiency of the interaction in Cys645S-transfected cells, thereby suggesting that the inhibitory effect of Cl-amidine was not a nonspecific one but was targeted at the active PAD4 enzyme. These results demonstrated that Cl-amidine was significantly more potent than F-amidine, consistent with its improved in vitro potency .
In vivo: Animal study showed that Cl-amidine could improve survival in a mouse model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced septic shock. Cl-amidine was proven to play protective roles by restoring innate immune cells in BM, decreasing BM and thymus atrophy, increasing blood monocytes and blood/liver bacteria clearance, and attenuating pro-inflammatory cytokine production in a murine lethal sepsis model .
Clinical trial: So far, no clinical study has been conducted.
 Luo, Y. ,Arita, K.,Bhatia, M., et al. Inhibitors and inactivators of protein arginine deiminase 4: Functional and structural characterization. Biochemistry 45(39), 11727-11736 (2006).
 Zhao T, Pan B, Alam HB, Liu B, Bronson RT, Deng Q, Wu E, Li Y. Protective effect of Cl-amidine against CLP-induced lethal septic shock in mice. Sci Rep. 2016 Nov 7;6:36696.
|Physical Appearance||A crystalline solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≤20mg/ml in ethanol;50mg/ml in DMSO;14mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|
|Chemical Name||N-[(1S)-1-(aminocarbonyl)-4-[(2-chloro-1-iminoethyl)amino]butyl]-benzamide 2,2,2-trifluoroacetate|
|Canonical SMILES||O=C(N[[email protected]@H](CCCNC(CCl)=N)C(N)=O)C1=CC=CC=C1.FC(F)(C(O)=O)F|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|