In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Binding IC50: 1.76 nM for rGalR2; 879 nM for hGalR1
Galanin is a 29-aa neuropeptide with a complex role in pain processing. Galanin receptor subtypes are present in dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord with a differential distribution. Three galanin receptors, GalR1, GalR2 and GalR3, have been identified and cloned. AR-M1896 is a specific galanin R2 (GalR2) agonist.
In vitro: Additional removal of the glycine residue in position 1 resulted in AR-M1896 with almost unchanged GalR2 affinity and functional activity, and 500-fold selectivity for GalR2-Rs over GalR1-Rs. This compound represents a truly GalR2-selective galanin analog and, thus, could be used as a pharmacological tool to differentiate between these two receptors .
In vivo: In normal rats mechanical and cold allodynia of the hindpaw are induced by intrathecal infusion of low-dose galanin. The same effect is seen with equimolar doses of AR-M1896 or AR-M961 (an agonist both at GalR1 and GalR2 receptors). In allodynic Bennett model rats, the mechanical threshold dose-dependently increased after intrathecal injection of a high AR-M961dose, whereas no effect was observed in the control or AR-M1896 group. No effect of either compounds was observed in nonallodynic Bennett model rats .
Clinical trial: Up to now, AR-M1896 is still in the preclinical development stage.
 Liu HX, Brumovsky P, Schmidt R, Brown W, Payza K, Hodzic L, Pou C, Godbout C, Hökfelt T.
Receptor subtype-specific pronociceptive and analgesic actions of galanin in the spinal cord: selective actions via GalR1 and GalR2 receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Aug 14;98(17):9960-4.
|Physical Appearance||White lyophilised solid|
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
|Solubility||Soluble to 1 mg/ml in 20% formic acid|
|Canonical SMILES||CC(C[[email protected]@](/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](/N=C(O)/C/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](/N=C(O)/[[email protected]](N)([H])CC1=CNC2=CC=CC=C12)([H])[[email protected]@](O)([H])C)([H])CC(C)C)([H])CC(O)=N)([H])CO)([H])C)([H])CC3=CC=C(O)C=C3)([H])CC(C)C)([H])C(O)=N)C|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|