Adaptaquin is a selective hydroxyquinoline HIF prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PHD) inhibitor .
The hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase domain enzymes (HIF-PHDs) are a family of oxygen sensors that has been implicated in neuronal survival. Catalysis by the HIF-PHDs destabilizes the transcriptional activator HIF-1a under normoxia. HIF-PHDs are promising target candidates for mitochondrial protection in paradigms of oxidative stress. The inhibition of HIF-PHDs prevented neuronal cell death induced by mitochondrial toxins .
Adaptaquin is a hydroxyquinoline HIF-PHD inhibitor. Adaptaquin inhibited purified and recombinant PHD2. Adaptaquin (30 mg/kg) penetrated the blood-brain barrier, resulting in inhibition of the oxygen-sensing HIF-PHDs and activation of HIF-dependent gene expression . In HT-22 cells, Adaptaquin protected against glutamate-induced cell death. Adaptaquin could also restore the mitochondrial ATP production .
In intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mice model, Adaptaquin decreased edema and significantly improved tape removal task, which were associated with a reduction in the number of degenerating neurons in perihematomal and hematomal areas of the mouse striatum .
. Karuppagounder SS, Alim I, Khim SJ, et al. Therapeutic targeting of oxygen-sensing prolyl hydroxylases abrogates ATF4-dependent neuronal death and improves outcomes after brain hemorrhage in several rodent models. Sci Transl Med. 2016 Mar 2;8(328):328ra29.
. Neitemeier S, Dolga AM, Honrath B, et al. Inhibition of HIF-prolyl-4-hydroxylases prevents mitochondrial impairment and cell death in a model of neuronal oxytosis. Cell Death Dis. 2016 May 5;7:e2214.
|Physical Appearance||A crystalline solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Synonyms||HIF prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor|
|Solubility||≤30mg/ml in DMSO;30mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|