IC50: The value varied among different tumor type. In Saos-2-His-273 cells, PRIMA-1 induced cell death with an IC50 of over 15 M.
PRIMA-1, a novel low molecular weight compound, rescues the tumor-suppressing function of mutant p53 proteins and shows anti-tumor activity in vivo. P53 severs as a crucial tumor suppressor and mutant p53 is expressed at high levels in many tumors. PRIMA-1 is considered as a lead compound for the development of anticancer drugs targeting mutant p53. 
In vitro: The substantial increase in Saos-2-His-273-cells death could be noticed after being treated with 125 μM PRIMA-1 for 48 hours. TUNEL staining revealed that such tumor-cell death was primarily triggered by apoptosis. PRIMA-1 could also restore the transcriptional transactivation function to mutant p53 in vitro. 
In vivo: To assess the effect of PRIMA-1 on human tumor xenografts, mice were inoculated with Saos-2-His-273 cells expressing mutant p53. The mice then received PRIMA-1 treatment at intra-tumor does of 20 mg/kg or i.v. doses of 20 and 100 mg/kg twice a day for three days. Compared with the control group, the average tumor volume decreased from 555.7 mm3 to 11.7 (100 mg/kg) and 53 (20 mg/kg) mm3 after i.v. injections of PRIMA-1. Intra-tumor injections of PRIMA-1 also decreased the average tumor volume to 5.3 mm3. 
Clinical trial: The methylated form of PRIMA-1, PRIMA-1MET was tested on 22 patients with hematologic malignancies and prostate cancer. Based on the clinical data, PRIMA-1MET was safe at predicted therapeutic dose, had a favorable pharmacokinetic profile and could lead to apoptosis of tumor cells in the p53–dependent manner. 
 Bykov V, Issaeva N, Zache N, Shilov A, Hultcrantz M, Bergman J, Selivanova G, Wiman KG. Reactivation of mutant p53 and induction of apoptosis in human tumor cells by maleimide analogs. J Biol Chem. 2005 Aug; 280(34): 30384–91.
 Bykov V, Issaeva N, Shilov A, Hultcrantz M, Pugacheva E, Chumakov P, Bergman J, Wiman KG, Selivanova G. Restoration of the tumor suppressor function to mutant p53 by a low-molecular-weight compound. Nat Med. 2002 Mar; 8(3):282-8.
 Lehmann S, Bykov V, Ali D, Andren O, Cherif H, Tidefelt U, Uggla B, Yachnin J, Juliusson G, Moshfegh A, Paul C, Wiman KG, Andersson PO. Targeting p53 in vivo: A first-in-human study with p53-targeting compound APR-246 in refractory hematologic malignancies and prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2012. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2011.40.7783.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at 4°C|
|Solubility||≥9.1mg/mL in DMSO|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
|Description||PRIMA-1 is an inhibitor of cell-permeable BAX.|