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Oligomycin Complex

Catalog No.
inhibits mitochondrial membrane-bound ATP synthases
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Target: ATP synthase

GI50: 270 nM

Oligomycin complex is a mixture of oligomycins A, B, and C. Oligomycin A is a selective inhibitor of ATP synthase, which can inhibit oxidative phosphorylation and all the ATP-dependent processes occurring on the coupling membrane of mitochondria, and induces apoptosis in a variety of cell types. Oligomycin B is a nonselective inhibitor of ATP synthases, which can reduce the rate of ATP depletion in myocardial ischemia.

In Vitro: In A549, H1299, H1975, H520, 786-0, H838, and U87mG cancer cell lines, 100 ng/ml Oligomycin could completely inhibit OXPHOS phosphorylation activity and stimulate various levels of glycolysis gains [1]. Besides, 5 μg/ml Oligomycin could inhibit the F0 part of H+-ATP-synthase, and strongly suppress cytochrome c release and apoptosis in Hela cells induced by TNF [2]. Furthermore, Oligomycin could inhibit mitochondrial respiration, and sensitize melanoma cells to cisplatin treatment to inhibit cell invasion [3].

In Vivo: no data available.

Clinical trial: no data available.

[1] Hao W, Chang C B, Tsao C, et al.  Oligomycin-induced Bioenergetic Adaptation in Cancer Cells with Heterogeneous Bioenergetic Organization[J]. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2010, 285(17): 12647-12654.
[2] Shchepina L A, Pletjushkina O Y, Avetisyan A V, et al.  Oligomycin, inhibitor of the F0 part of H+-ATP-synthase, suppresses the TNF-induced apoptosis[J]. Oncogene, 2002, 21(53): 8149.
[3] Roesch A, Vultur A, Bogeski I, et al.  Overcoming Intrinsic Multidrug Resistance in Melanoma by Blocking the Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain of Slow-Cycling JARID1Bhigh Cells[J]. Cancer Cell, 2013, 23(6): 811-825.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA crystalline solid
StorageStore at -20°C
M.Wt791.1(Oligomycin A)
805.1(Oligomycin B)
775.1(Oligomycin C)
Cas No.1404-19-9
FormulaC45H74O11(Oligomycin A)
C45H72O12(Oligomycin B)
C45H74O10(Oligomycin C)
Solubility≤30mg/ml in ethanol;20mg/ml in DMSO;30mg/ml in dimethyl formamide
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESO=C([[email protected]]([[email protected]@H]([[email protected]](C([[email protected]](C)([[email protected]@H]([[email protected]](C/C=C/C=C/[[email protected]]([H])(CC[[email protected]@]1([[email protected]@H]([[email protected]]([H])(O2)[[email protected]]([[email protected]@]3(O1)C(C[[email protected]]([[email protected]]([H])(O3)C[[email protected]](C)O)C)=O)C)C)[H])CC)C)O)O)=O)C)O)C)[[email protected]@H]([[email protected]]([[email protected]@H](/C=C/C2=O)C)O)C.O=C([[email protected]]([[email protected]@H]([[email protected]](C([[email protected]](C)([[email protected]@H]([[email protected]
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

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Chemical structure

Oligomycin Complex