In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Octyl-α-ketoglutarate is a stable, cell-permeable form of α-ketoglutarate, a substrate of prolyl hydroxylases (PHD) .
The high turnover of HIFα is initiated by prolyl hydroxylases (PHD), which hydroxylate proline residues on the oxygen-dependent degradation (ODD) domain of HIFα, facilitating ubiquitination and degradation. To catalyze proline hydroxylation, PHDs convert molecular oxygen and α-ketoglutarate to carbon dioxide and succinate . Loss of IDH1 activity would reduce cellular levels of α-KG .
Octyl-α-ketoglutarate is a cell-permeating α-ketoglutarate derivative, which built up rapidly and preferentially in cells with a dysfunctional TCA cycle. Octyl-α-ketoglutarate increased intracellular levels of freeα-ketoglutaric acid by approximately fourfold. In HEK293-derived cell lines expressing both a GFP-ODD fusion protein and HA-tagged pVHL, Octyl-α-ketoglutarate reactivated PHD activity inhibited by succinate or fumarate. Octyl-α-ketoglutarate restored hydroxylation and targeted HIF1 for ubiquitylation and proteasomally mediated degradation . Octyl-α-ketoglutarate inhibited the HIF-1α induction caused by IDH1 knockdown in HeLa cells or overexpression of IDH1R132H mutant in U-87MG cells, suggesting a reduction in IDH1 activity caused a reduction in α-KG levels that in turn led to stabilization of HIF-1α .
. Gottlieb E, Tomlinson IP. Mitochondrial tumour suppressors: a genetic and biochemical update. Nat Rev Cancer. 2005 Nov;5(11):857-66.
. MacKenzie ED, Selak MA, Tennant DA, et al. Cell-permeating alpha-ketoglutarate derivatives alleviate pseudohypoxia in succinate dehydrogenase-deficient cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2007 May;27(9):3282-9.
. Zhao S, Lin Y, Xu W, et al. Glioma-derived mutations in IDH1 dominantly inhibit IDH1 catalytic activity and induce HIF-1alpha. Science. 2009 Apr 10;324(5924):261-5.
|Physical Appearance||A solution in acetate. To change the solvent, simply evaporate the acetate containing under a gentle stream of nitrogen and immediately add the solvent of choice.|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Synonyms||α-KG octyl ester|
|Solubility||≤20mg/ml in ethanol;10mg/ml in DMSO;10mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|
|Chemical Name||2-oxo-pentanedioic acid, 1-octyl ester|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|