In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Ki = 2 nM
galacto-Dapagliflozin is a potent inhibitor of human SGLT2.
Renal glucose transport is mediated by sodium-glucose cotransporters (SGLT) 1 and 2. In humans, SGLT2 is responsible for the majority of glucose reabsorption in the kidney.
In vitro: It was found that galacto-dapagliflozin was a selective inhibitor of hSGLT2, but was less potent than dapagliflozin for both transporters. Both phlorizin and galacto-dapagliflozin rapidly dissociated from SGLT2, while dapagliflozin and fluoro-dapagliflozin dissociated from hSGLT2 at a rate 10-fold slower. Dapagliflozin, fluoro-dapagliflozin, and galacto-dapagliflozin dissociated quickly from hSGLT1, and phlorizin readily exchanged with dapagliflozin bound to hSGLT1 .
In vivo: Male db/db mice were administered dapagliflozin for 12 weeks. Results showed that administration of dapagliflozin could ameliorate hyperglycemia, β-cell damage and albuminuria in db/db mice. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance and blood pressure were not affected by administration of dapagliflozin. Dapagliflozin treatment was able to decrease macrophage infiltration in the kidney of db/db mice .
Clinical trial: Previous clinical study found that lowering the plasma glucose concentration with dapagliflozin could markedly improve β-cell function, which provided strong support for the glucotoxic effect of hyperglycemia on β-cell function .
 Hummel, C. S.,Lu, C.,Liu, J., et al. Structural selectivity of human SGLT inhibitors. American Journal of Physiology.Cell Physiology 302(2), C373-C382 (2012).
 Terami N et al. Long-term treatment with the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, dapagliflozin, ameliorates glucose homeostasis and diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice. PLoS One. 2014 Jun 24;9(6):e100777.
 Merovci A et al. Dapagliflozin lowers plasma glucose concentration and improves β-cell function. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 May;100(5):1927-32.
|Physical Appearance||A crystalline solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≤30mg/ml in DMSO;50mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|
|Canonical SMILES||ClC(C=CC([[email protected]]1[[email protected]](O)[[email protected]@H](O)[[email protected]@H](O)[[email protected]@H](CO)O1)=C2)=C2CC3=CC=C(OCC)C=C3|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|