In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
CDDO-trifluoroethyl-amide (CDDO-TFEA), a trifluoroethylamide derivative of CDDO, is an Nrf2/ARE pathway activator .
The NF-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway is an important pathway involved in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses. Modulation of the Nrf2/ARE pathway is an attractive therapeutic target for neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Huntington's disease (HD) .
CDDO-TFEA is an Nrf2/ARE pathway activator. In NSC-34 G93A SOD1 cells, CDDO-TFEA upregulated Nrf2 expression and caused translocation of Nrf2 into the nucleus. CDDO-TFEA also increased the expression of Nrf2/ARE-regulated proteins (NQO-1, HO-1 and Glutathione reductase).
In mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), CDDO-TFEA reduced immune and inflammatory cell populations. CDDO-TFEA also significantly reduced Th1 and Th17 cytokines (IL6, IL17, IFNγ, TNFα and GMCSF) . In ALS mice model, CDDO-TFEA upregulated the expression and resulted in translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus of neurons in the spinal cord. In G93A SOD1 mice, CDDO-TFEA increased the life-span by 17.6 days .
. Pareek TK, Belkadi A, Kesavapany S, et al. Triterpenoid modulation of IL-17 and Nrf-2 expression ameliorates neuroinflammation and promotes remyelination in autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Sci Rep. 2011;1:201.
. Neymotin A, Calingasan NY, Wille E, et al. Neuroprotective effect of Nrf2/ARE activators, CDDO ethylamide and CDDO trifluoroethylamide, in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Free Radic Biol Med. 2011 Jul 1;51(1):88-96.
. Stack C, Ho D, Wille E, et al. Triterpenoids CDDO-ethyl amide and CDDO-trifluoroethyl amide improve the behavioral phenotype and brain pathology in a transgenic mouse model of Huntington's disease. Free Radic Biol Med. 2010 Jul 15;49(2):147-58.
|Physical Appearance||A crystalline solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Synonyms||CDDO-Trifluoethyl Amide,RTA 404,TP-500|
|Solubility||≤5mg/ml in ethanol;5mg/ml in DMSO;5mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|
|Canonical SMILES||CC1(CC[[email protected]@]2(CC[[email protected]@](C)([[email protected]@]3(CC[[email protected]]4(C(C)(C(C(C#N)=C[[email protected]@]4(C3=CC5=O)C)=O)C)[H])C)[[email protected]]5([[email protected]@]2(C1)[H])[H])C(NCC(F)(F)F)=O)C|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|