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NocodazoleTubulin production inhibitor,anti-neoplastic agent

Nocodazole

Catalog No. A8487
Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO) $55.00 In stock
10mg $50.00 In stock
50mg $190.00 In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Quality Control & MSDS

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Chemical structure

Nocodazole

Biological Activity

Description Nocodazole is a potent and reversible inhibitor of tubulin production.
Targets tubulin          
IC50            

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

SH-SY5Y cells, NRK fibroblasts

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is >15.1mg/mL. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 ℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Reacting condition

25 nM to 400 nM, 1 μM; 30 min

Applications

In SH-SY5Y cells, Nocodazole (1 μM) disrupted microtubules by binding to β-tubulin, prevented the formation of one of the two interchain disulfide linkages and impaired the transport of vesicles. Nocodazole significantly attenuated METH-induced cell death and lysosomal dysfunction. Nocodazole (400 nM) completely inhibited cell locomotion that was maintained throughout the nocodazole treatment (>2 hours). Nocodazole treatment resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in the rate of locomotion. Nocodazole (25 nM, 100 nM) significantly inhibited cell locomotion.

Animal experiment [2]:

Animal models

Athymic mice bearing COLO 205 tumor xenografts

Dosage form

5 mg/kg/three times per week

Application

The antitumor effects of nocodazole were significantly potentiated by ketoconazole in mice after 6 wk of treatment. No gross signs of toxicity were observed in mice receiving these treatments.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Liao G, Nagasaki T, Gundersen G G. Low concentrations of nocodazole interfere with fibroblast locomotion without significantly affecting microtubule level: implications for the role of dynamic microtubules in cell locomotion[J]. Journal of Cell Science, 1995, 108(11): 3473-3483.

[2]. Liao G, Nagasaki T, Gundersen G G. Low concentrations of nocodazole interfere with fibroblast locomotion without significantly affecting microtubule level: implications for the role of dynamic microtubules in cell locomotion[J]. Journal of Cell Science, 1995, 108(11): 3473-3483.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 31430-18-9 SDF Download SDF
Chemical Name methyl N-[6-(thiophene-2-carbonyl)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamate
Canonical SMILES COC(=O)NC1=NC2=C(N1)C=C(C=C2)C(=O)C3=CC=CS3
Formula C14H11N3O3S M.Wt 301.32
Solubility >15.1mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

Background

Nocodazole, an anti-mitotic drug, is a rapidly-reversible inhibitor of microtubule polymerization which inhibits Abl, Abl(E255K) and Abl(T315I)with theIC50 value of 0.21 μM, 0.53 μM and 0.64 μM in cell-free assays, respectively[1].

In vitro: Nocodazolewas a high-affinity ligand for the cancer-related kinases including Abl phosphorylated, c-Kit, BRAF, and MEK with the Kd values of 0.091 μM, 1.6 μM, 1.8 μM and 1.6 μM, respectively. In addition, the Kd for Abl(E255K) phosphorylated, Abl(T315I) phosphorylated, BRAF(V600E) and PI3Kγ was 0.12 μM, 0.17 μM, 1.1 μM and 1.5 μM, respectively. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells, Nocodazole induced apoptosis. In some human colon carcinoma cells, Nocodazole decrease D apoptosis. Also, Nocodazole inhibited insulin-stimulated glucose transport. Nocodazole impaired the morphology and directionality of migrating medial gan-glionic eminence cells [1]. At high concentrations, Nocodazole rapidly depolymerized microtubules in cells, while low concentrations of Nocodazole inhibited microtubule dynamic instability [2].In SH-SY5Y cells, Nocodazole disrupted microtubules by binding to β-tubulin, prevented the formation of one of the two interchain disulfide linkages and impaired the transport of vesicles. Nocodazole significantly attenuated METH-induced cell death and lysosomal dysfunction [3]. Nocodazole (≥ 50 nM) resulted in a rapid reduction in fibroblast locomotion to a new rate that was maintained for > 2 hours. Nocodazole(100 nM) decreased the rate of locomotion by more than 60%; and 300 nM nocodazole completely stopped cell locomotion[4].

In vivo: In athymic mice bearing COLO 205 tumor xenografts,after 6 wk of treatment with Ketoconazole (50 mg/kg/three times per week)plus Nocodazole (5 mg/kg/three times per week), the antitumor effects of ND were significantly potentiated by KT. The tumor volume and tumor weight of the mice are significantly reduced as compared with those treated with Ketoconazole or Nocodazole alone. Nocodazole treatment in combination with Ketoconazole strongly enhanced apoptosis of COLO 205 tumor xenografts treated with Ketoconazole or Nocodazole alone [5].

References:
[1].  Park H, Hong S, Hong S. Nocodazole is a High‐Affinity Ligand for the Cancer‐Related Kinases ABL, c‐KIT, BRAF, and MEK[J]. ChemMedChem, 2012, 7(1): 53-56.
[2]. Xu K, Schwarz P M, Ludue a R F. Interaction of nocodazole with tubulin isotypes[J]. Drug development research, 2002, 55(2): 91-96.
[3]. Nara A, Aki T, Funakoshi T, et al. Hyperstimulation of macropinocytosis leads to lysosomal dysfunction during exposure to methamphetamine in SH-SY5Y cells[J]. Brain research, 2012, 1466: 1-14.
[4]. Liao G, Nagasaki T, Gundersen G G. Low concentrations of nocodazole interfere with fibroblast locomotion without significantly affecting microtubule level: implications for the role of dynamic microtubules in cell locomotion[J]. Journal of Cell Science, 1995, 108(11): 3473-3483.
[5]. Wang Y J, Jeng J H, Chen R J, et al. Ketoconazole potentiates the antitumor effects of nocodazole: In vivo therapy for human tumor xenografts in nude mice[J]. Molecular carcinogenesis, 2002, 34(4): 199-210.