In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
TH-302 is a 2-nitroimidazole triggered hypoxia-activated prodrug of bromo-isophosphoramide mustard .
Hypoxia is a prevailing feature of tumors due to the abnormal aspects and structure of tumor vasculatures. It is found that hypoxic tumors usually show resistance to the traditional chemo- and radiation therapies and hypoxic tumors are more metastatic and invasive. Since the hypoxic tumors are not hyperproliferative, the traditional anti-proliferation drugs are not suitable. As a hypoxia-activated prodrug, TH-302 can release the cytotoxic agent Br-IPM and selectively deliver it the to the tumor cells under the anoxic condition [1 and 2].
The activity of TH-302 is dependent on the degree of anoxia and the exposure time of the drug under hypoxia. Higher activity requires lower oxygen concentration. Different with tirapazamine (another HAP), TH-302 needed much severer hypoxia (about 0.1%) to keep high potency. When treated in a panel of 32 kinds of tumor cells, TH-302 showed modest cytotoxicity with IC50 values all above 40 μM under the normal air condition. In contrast, TH-302 exerted elevated anti-tumor potency under the hypoxic condition. The IC50 values of it were in a range from 0.1 to 90 μM. Among these tumor cells, the non-small cell lung cancer H460 cells were most sensitive against TH-302 treatment with IC50 value of 0.1±0.03 μM. Besides that, TH-302 also showed potent efficacies in many other tumor cells, including Caki-1 (renal), SK-MEL-5 (melanoma), DU145 (prostate) and HCT116 (colon), with IC50 values of 0.4, 0.7, 0.7 and 0.8 μM, respectively .
In mice bearing H460 xenografts, administration of TH-302 at doses of 6.25 to 50 mg/kg dose-dependently caused tumor growth inhibition (TGI) with 43% to 89% and 50 mg/kg TH-302 administration showed no hematologic toxicity. Apart from this, TH-302 was found to induce DNA damage. TH-302 at dose of 100 mg/kg for 6 hours resulted in notable increase of γH2AX-positive cells .
 Meng F, Evans J W, Bhupathi D, et al. Molecular and cellular pharmacology of the hypoxia-activated prodrug TH-302. Molecular cancer therapeutics, 2012, 11(3): 740-751.
 Sun J D, Liu Q, Wang J, et al. Selective tumor hypoxia targeting by hypoxia-activated prodrug TH-302 inhibits tumor growth in preclinical models of cancer. Clinical cancer research, 2012, 18(3): 758-770.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥22.45 mg/mL in DMSO; ≥34.2 mg/mL in EtOH with ultrasonic; ≥4.73 mg/mL in H2O with gentle warming and ultrasonic|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|
|Description||TH-302 is a hypoxia-activated prodrug of the cytotoxin bromo-isophosphoramide mustard (Br-IPM).|
|Targets||thioredoxin reductase||glutathione reductase|