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EAI045

Catalog No.
B6054
Inhibitor of L858R/T790M EGFR mutants
Grouped product items
SizePriceStock Qty
10mg
$166.00
In stock
25mg
$274.00
In stock
100mg
$813.00
In stock

Tel: +1-832-696-8203

Email: [email protected]

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Background

EAI045 is an allosteric inhibitor that targets selected drug-resistant EGFR mutants but spares the wild-type receptor.

EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) is a cell-surface receptor tyrosine kinase. The receptor activation leads to dimerization and tyrosine autophosphorylation. It induces a cascade of downstream cellular responses such as modification in gene expression, cell proliferation and cytoskeletal rearrangement etc.

EAI1045 has an IC50 of 3 nM against the L858R/T790M mutant with a 1000-fold selectivity over wild-type EGFR at 1 mM ATP. In combination with 10 μg/ml cetuximab, EAI045 inhibited proliferation of EGFR (L858R/T790M) Ba/F3 cells with an IC50 of approximately 10nM.

In mice treated with EAI045 at 60 mg kg−1 by oral gavage once daily, combined treatment with cetuximab (1 mg intraperitoneally every other day) showed prominent tumour regressions, but these treated with EAI045 alone did not respond to the treatment.

Pharmacodynamic studies in exon19del/T790M and L858R/T790M/C797S mice indicated combined treatment of EAI045 with cetuximab effectively inhibited phosphorylation of EGFR and downstream signalling proteins in those mice, but not in mice with insensitive exon19del/T790M mutation.

Reference:
1.  Jia Y, Yun CH, Park E et al.Overcoming EGFR(T790M) and EGFR(C797S) resistance with mutant-selective allosteric inhibitors. Nature. 2016 May 25;534(7605):129-32.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA solid
StorageStore at -20°C
M.Wt383.40
Cas No.1942114-09-1
FormulaC19H14FN3O3S
Solubility≥38.3 mg/mL in DMSO; insoluble in H2O; insoluble in EtOH
Chemical Name(Z)-2-(5-fluoro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(1-oxoisoindolin-2-yl)-N-(thiazol-2-yl)acetimidic acid
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESFC1=CC(C(N2CC3=CC=CC=C3C2=O)/C(O)=N/C4=NC=CS4)=C(O)C=C1
Shipping ConditionShip with blue ice, or upon other requests.
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. We do not recommend long-term storage for the solution, please use it up soon.

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

EGFR mutant cell lines (H1975 and H3255); HaCaT cells

Preparation method

This compound is soluble in DMSO. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Reacting condition

0-100 μM; 3 days

Applications

In H1975 cells, EAI045 potently decreased, but did not completely eliminate EGFR autophosphorylation and potently inhibited EGFR Y1173 phosphorylation with EC50 value of 2 nM. In the H1975 and H3255 cell lines, EAI045 (10 μM) showed no anti-proliferative effect. EAI045 inhibited proliferation of L858R/T790M and L858R mutant cells, but not the exon19del/T790M or parental Ba/F3 cells, suggesting the on-target, mutant selective activity.

Animal experiment [1]:

Animal models

EGFR-TL (L858R/T790M) and EGFR-TD (exon19del/T790M) mice

Dosage form

60 mg/kg daily by oral gavage; dissolved in 10% NMP (10% 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone: 90% PEG-300); 4-weeks

Application

In EGFR L858R/T790M-mutant lung cancer mouse model, EAI045 revealed a maximal plasma concentration of 0.57 μM, a half-life of 2.15 h, and oral bioavailability of 26% after dosing at 20 mg/kg. The combination of EAI045 (60 mg/kg) and cetuximab exhibited striking tumor regressions. EAI045 in combination with cetuximab effectively inhibited phosphorylation of EGFR and downstream signaling proteins.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Jia Y, Yun CH, Park E et al. Overcoming EGFR(T790M) and EGFR(C797S) resistance with mutant-selective allosteric inhibitors. Nature. 2016 May 25;534(7605):129-32.

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