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LopinavirHIV protease inhibitor,highly potent

Lopinavir

Catalog No. A8204
Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO) $55.00 In stock
Evaluation Sample $28.00 In stock
50mg $50.00 In stock
100mg $80.00 In stock
250mg $160.00 In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Chemical structure

Lopinavir

Biological Activity

Description Lopinavir is a potent HIV protease inhibitor with Ki of 1.3 pM.
Targets HIV protease          
IC50 1.3 pM (Ki)          

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

MT4 cells

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is > 31.5 mg/mL. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 °C for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below - 20 °C for several months.

Reacting condition

4 ~ 52 nM

Applications

HIV with multiple mutations was markedly less resistant to Lopinavir than to Ritonavir. Although the activity of Lopinavir declined significantly against the multiply mutated strains compared with its activity against the baseline strains, the extent of the decline was substantially less than that of Ritonavir. Furthermore, the EC50 value of Lopinavir against HIV with multiple mutations was 10-fold lower than that of Ritonavir.

Animal experiment [1]:

Animal models

Rats

Dosage form

10 mg/kg; p.o.

Applications

The Cmax and oral bioavailability of Lopinavir in rats were 0.8 μg/mL and 25%, respectively. At 6th hr, the plasma level of Lopinavir declined below the level of quantitation (0.01 μg/mL). However, co-administration of Lopinavir with Ritonavir (10 mg/kg) maintained the concentrations of Lopinavir in excess of 3 μg/mL with low variability. In addition, the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 ~ 8 hrs for Lopinavir increased 14-fold due to Ritonavir co-administration.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Sham HL, Kempf DJ, Molla A, Marsh KC, Kumar GN, Chen CM, Kati W, Stewart K, Lal R, Hsu A, Betebenner D, Korneyeva M, Vasavanonda S, McDonald E, Saldivar A, Wideburg N, Chen X, Niu P, Park C, Jayanti V, Grabowski B, Granneman GR, Sun E, Japour AJ, Leonard JM, Plattner JJ, Norbeck DW. ABT-378, a highly potent inhibitor of the human immunodeficiency virus protease. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Dec;42(12):3218-24.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 192725-17-0 SDF Download SDF
Synonyms Lopinavir
Chemical Name (2S)-N-[(2S,4S,5S)-5-[[2-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)acetyl]amino]-4-hydroxy-1,6-diphenylhexan-2-yl]-3-methyl-2-(2-oxo-1,3-diazinan-1-yl)butanamide
Canonical SMILES CC1=C(C(=CC=C1)C)OCC(=O)NC(CC2=CC=CC=C2)C(CC(CC3=CC=CC=C3)NC(=O)C(C(C)C)N4CCCNC4=O)O
Formula C37H48N4O5 M.Wt 628.81
Solubility >31.5mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
General tips N/A
Shipping Condition N/A

Background

Lopinavir (also known as ABT-378) is a highly potent inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease that potently inhibits wild-type and mutant HIV protease with inhibition constant Ki values ranging from 1.3 to 3.6 pM. Lopinavir, a ritonavir analog designed to have a diminished interaction with Val82 in HIV protease, maintains a high potency inhibiting Val82 mutant HIV selected by ritonavir with 50% effective concentration EC50 value lower than 0.06 μM. Although the antiviral activity of ritonavir is considerably attenuated by human serum, lopinavir is less affected by human serum proteins and is 10-fold greater in potency than ritonavir in the presence of human serum.

Reference

Sham HL, Kempf DJ, Molla A, Marsh KC, Kumar GN, Chen CM, Kati W, Stewart K, Lal R, Hsu A, Betebenner D, Korneyeva M, Vasavanonda S, McDonald E, Saldivar A, Wideburg N, Chen X, Niu P, Park C, Jayanti V, Grabowski B, Granneman GR, Sun E, Japour AJ, Leonard JM, Plattner JJ, Norbeck DW. ABT-378, a highly potent inhibitor of the human immunodeficiency virus protease. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Dec;42(12):3218-24.