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Catalog No.
Selective PAR4 agonist
Grouped product items
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Ship with 10-15 days
Ship with 10-15 days
Ship with 10-15 days

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AY-NH2 is a selective agonist of PAR4 with EC50 value of 11 μM [1].

Protease-activated receptor-4 (PAR4) is a member of PARs and plays an important role in mediating cellular effects of thrombin through acting G-proteins i, 12/13 (Rho and Ras activation) and q (calcium signaling) [2].

AY-NH2 is a potent PAR4 agonist and has a higher (~10 fold) activity than GYPGKF-NH2. Using rat platelet aggregation assay, it was shown that AY-NH2 had highly platelet aggregation ability than GY-NH2 and GF-NH2 [1]. When tested with platelet-rich plasma harvested from wild-type C57BL6 mice, AY-NH2 treatment exhibited highly agonist activity on PAR4 while had no effect on other PARs [3].

In male Wistar rats model of paw oedema, injection of AY-NH2 markedly reduced the nociceptive score in response to both noxious and non-noxious mechanical stimuli, thus inhibiting carrageenan-induced mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia [4].

[1].  Hollenberg, M.D., et al., Proteinase-activated receptor-4: evaluation of tethered ligand-derived peptides as probes for receptor function and as inflammatory agonists in vivo. Br J Pharmacol, 2004. 143(4): p. 443-54.
[2].  Yu, G., et al., Increased expression of protease-activated receptor 4 and Trefoil factor 2 in human colorectal cancer. PLoS One, 2015. 10(4): p. e0122678.
[3].  Faruqi, T.R., et al., Structure-function analysis of protease-activated receptor 4 tethered ligand peptides. Determinants of specificity and utility in assays of receptor function. J Biol Chem, 2000. 275(26): p. 19728-34.
[4].   Asfaha, S., et al., Protease-activated receptor-4: a novel mechanism of inflammatory pain modulation. Br J Pharmacol, 2007. 150(2): p. 176-85.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceWhite lyophilised solid
StorageDesiccate at -20°C
Cas No.352017-71-1
SolubilitySoluble in H2O
Chemical Name(S,Z)-N-((Z)-2-(((S,Z)-6-amino-1-hydroxy-1-(((S)-1-hydroxy-1-imino-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)imino)hexan-2-yl)imino)-2-hydroxyethyl)-1-((S)-2-((Z)-((S)-2-amino-1-hydroxypropylidene)amino)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoyl)pyrrolidine-2-carbimidic acid
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESC[[email protected]@](N)([H])/C(O)=N/[[email protected]@](C(N1CCC[[email protected]@]1([H])/C(O)=N/C/C(O)=N/[[email protected]@](/C(O)=N/[[email protected]@](C(O)=N)([H])CC2=CC=CC=C2)([H])CCCCN)=O)([H])CC3=CC=C(O)C=C3
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.

Quality Control

Quality Control & MSDS

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Chemical structure