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Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate

In stock
Catalog No.
A1755
Antiretroviral agent( HIV-1 RT inhibitor)
Grouped product items
SizePriceStock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$70.00
In stock
25mg
$50.00
In stock
100mg
$150.00
In stock

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Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor that inhibits the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in MT-2 cells and PBMC with the half maximal effective concentration EC50 values of 0.007 μmol/L and 0.005 μmol/L [1].

Shortly upon administration, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate rapidly goes through esterase hydrolysis removing the two ester groups and yielding tenofovir, which is a nucleotide analogue with anti-viral activity against retroviruses including HIV-1, HIV-2 and hepadnaviruses. Tenofovir is phosphorylated by cellular nucleotide kinase and adenylate kinase and eventually converted into its active anabolite tenofovir diphosphate, which inhibits HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and terminates the growing DNA chain [2].

References:
[1] Fung HB, Stone EA, Piacenti FJ. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate: a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection. Clin Ther. 2002 Oct;24(10):1515-48.
[2] Brian P. Kearney, John F. Flaherty, Jaymin Shah. Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate. Clinical Pharmacokinetics. August 2004, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 595-612

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA solid
StorageStore at -20°C
M.Wt635.51
Cas No.202138-50-9
FormulaC19H30N5O10P.C4H4O4
Solubility≥31.7755mg/mL in DMSO
Chemical Name[[(2R)-1-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)propan-2-yl]oxymethyl-(propan-2-yloxycarbonyloxymethoxy)phosphoryl]oxymethyl propan-2-yl carbonate;(E)-but-2-enedioic acid
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESCC(C)OC(=O)OCOP(=O)(COC(C)CN1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N)OCOC(=O)OC(C)C.C(=CC(=O)O)C(=O)O
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

MT-2 cells and PBMCs

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is > 31.8 mg/mL. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 °C for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below - 20 °C for several months.

Reacting condition

0.007 μM or 0.005 μM

Applications

In MT-2 cells and PBMCs, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate inhibited HIV replication with the EC50 values of 0.007 μM and 0.005 μM, respectively. The anti-HIV activity of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate was shown to be 36- to 90-fold greater than that of Tenofovir.

References:

[1]. Fung HB, Stone EA, Piacenti FJ. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate: a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection. Clin Ther. 2002 Oct;24(10):1515-48.

Quality Control

Chemical structure

Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate