In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
PX 12 is an inhibitor of thioredoxin-1 .
Thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) is a small redox protein with a conserved catalytic site and plays an important role in cells that includes the regulation of trans-activating activity and the DNA binding of redox-sensitive transcription factors .
In HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells and MCF-7 human breast cancer, PX 12 prevented the hypoxia-induced increase in HIF-1 protein. Also, PX 12 decreased inducible nitric oxide synthase, HIF-1-trans-activating activity and VEGF formation .
In immunodeficient mice bearing HT-29 human colon xenografts, PX 12 decreased the average tumor blood vessel permeability by 63% within 2 hours and returned to pretreatment values after 48 hours. PX 12 reduced tumor-derived VEGF and tumor after 24 hours. Also, Trx-1 showed a rapid decrease within 2 hours and maintained for 24 hours . In mice bearing MCF-7 tumor xenografts, PX 12 reduced HIF-1ɑ and VEGF protein levels . In cancer patients, PX-12 treatment significantly reduced the levels of Trx-1 and VEGF in plasma .
. Jordan BF, Runquist M, Raghunand N, et al. The thioredoxin-1 inhibitor 1-methylpropyl 2-imidazolyl disulfide (PX-12) decreases vascular permeability in tumor xenografts monitored by dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Clin Cancer Res, 2005, 11(2 Pt 1): 529-536.
. Welsh SJ, Williams RR, Birmingham A, et al. The thioredoxin redox inhibitors 1-methylpropyl 2-imidazolyl disulfide and pleurotin inhibit hypoxia-induced factor 1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor formation. Mol Cancer Ther, 2003, 2(3): 235-243.
. Baker AF, Dragovich T, Tate WR, et al. The antitumor thioredoxin-1 inhibitor PX-12 (1-methylpropyl 2-imidazolyl disulfide) decreases thioredoxin-1 and VEGF levels in cancer patient plasma. J Lab Clin Med, 2006, 147(2): 83-90.
|Storage||Store at 4°C|
|Solubility||≥8.75mg/mL in DMSO, ≥99 mg/mL in EtOH,insoluble in H2O|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|