In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Diosmetin (DIO) is an agonist of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). It potently inhibited the enzyme activity of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value of approximately 30 nM, in microsomes from MCF-7 cells .
AHR belongs to the Per, ARNT, Sim/basic-helix-loop-helix superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors. AHR mediates the toxic effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and polychlorinated biphenyls. These chemicals all bind to AHR, and result in the activation of a battery of genes, including the cytochromes P450 CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and CYP1B1 .
In MCF-7 cells, at 24 h after the incubation of diosmetin, CYP1A1 mRNA was increased in a dose-dependent manner. In MCF-7 cells, diosmetin at 2.5 µM modestly increased CYP1A1 enzyme activity, with an activity increase in cells, while diosmetin at 5 µM did not increase the enzyme activity compared to controls in cells. Compared with controls, diosmetin dose-dependently increased the capacity of nuclear extracts to bind an oligonucleotide containing the AhR-binding sequence of CYP1A1 .
In the presence of CYP1A inhibitor, the concentration of diosmetin ranged from 25 μM at 0 h to 22 μM. In the absence of CYP1A inhibitor, the concentration of diosmetin ranged from 25 μM at 0 h to 15 μM .
No in vivo result from the administration of diosmetin had been found.
. Ciolino HP, Wang TT and Yeh GC. Diosmin and diosmetin are agonists of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor that differentially affect cytochrome P450 1A1 activity. Cancer Res, 1998, 58(13):2754-60.
. Gonzalez FJ and Fernandez-Salguero P. The Aryl Hydrocarbon Rreceptor Studies Using the AHR-Null Mice. Drug Metabolism and Disposition, 1998, 26(12): 1194-1198.
. Androutsopoulos VP and Spandidos DA. The flavonoids diosmetin and luteolin exert synergistic cytostatic effects in human hepatoma HepG2 cells via CYP1A-catalyzed metabolism, activation of JNK and ERK and P53/P21 up-regulation. J Nutr Biochem, 2013, 24(2):496-504.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥13.65mg/mL in DMSO|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|