weak cholinergic agonist; intermediates in lipid metabolism
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
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|Cas No.||2504-11-2||SDF||Download SDF|
|Chemical Name||(R)-2-acetoxy-3-carboxy-N,N,N-trimethylpropan-1-aminium chloride|
|Canonical SMILES||OC(C[[email protected]](C[N+](C)(C)C)OC(C)=O)=O.[Cl-]|
|Solubility||Soluble to 100 mM in sterile water||Storage||Desiccate at RT|
|Physical Appearance||White solid||Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
(±)-Acetylcarnitine chloride is an agonist for cholinergic.
Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) is an integral membrane protein receptor for acetylcholine. There are two kinds of AChRs: nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.
(±)-Acetylcarnitine chloride is a cholinergic agonist and an intermediate in lipid metabolism . In retinal ganglion cells, acetylcarnitine and acetylcholine inhibited GABAergic responses to exogenous GABA and GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents .
In dogs with coronary ligation, (-)-carnitine chloride (LCC) (300 mg/kg) and acetyl (-)-carnitine chloride (ALCC) (300 mg/kg) inhibited the ventricular arrhythmia. Also, LCC and ALCC improved oxidative phosphorylation rate and the mitochondrial function . In the mouse hot plate test, acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) (100 mg/kg) exhibited analgesia. While, U-73122 and neomycin (the phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitors) blocked the increase of the pain threshold induced by ALCAR. LiCl that impairing phosphatidylinositol synthesis antagonized the antinociception in a dose-dependent way. PMA and PDBu (PKC activators) blocked the increase of the pain threshold in a dose-dependent way. These results suggested that ALCAR analgesia required the participation of the PLC-IP3 pathway .
. Imai S, Matsui K, Nakazawa M, et al. Anti-arrhythmic effects of (-)-carnitine chloride and its acetyl analogue on canine late ventricular arrhythmia induced by ligation of the coronary artery as related to improvement of mitochondrial function. Br J Pharmacol, 1984, 82(2): 533-542.
. Bähring R, Standhardt H, Martelli EA, et al. GABA-activated chloride currents of postnatal mouse retinal ganglion cells are blocked by acetylcholine and acetylcarnitine: how specific are ion channels in immature neurons? Eur J Neurosci, 1994, 6(7): 1089-1099.
. Galeotti N, Bartolini A, Calvani M, et al. Acetyl-L-carnitine requires phospholipase C-IP3 pathway activation to induce antinociception. Neuropharmacology, 2004, 47(2): 286-294.