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Prostaglandin E2 Endogenous prostaglandin

Catalog No.B7005
Size Price Stock Qty
5mg
$67.00
In stock
10mg
$95.00
In stock
50mg
$428.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Chemical structure

Prostaglandin E2

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

HEK293 cells

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is > 10 mM. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Reacting condition

N/A

Applications

In HEK293 cells, prostaglandin E2 bound the FP receptor with Ki value of 119 nM. PGE2 production in the kidney is critical for normal renal function by preserving renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate in settings of physiological stress, modulating salt and water transport in the distal tubule, and stimulating renin release from the juxtaglomerular apparatus.

Clinical Trial [2]:

Disease models

patients with rheumatic diseases

Dosage form

oral 1 mg three times daily or 0.33 mg three times daily

Application

In patients with rheumatic diseases, the indomethacin-induced bleeding was reduced to control level by concomitant oral PGE2 1 mg three times daily and was significantly reduced by 0.33 mg three times daily.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1] Hata AN, Breyer RM. Pharmacology and signaling of prostaglandin receptors: multiple roles in inflammation and immune modulation. Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Aug;103(2):147-66.

[2] Johansson C, Kollberg B. Clinical trials with prostaglandin E2. Prostaglandins. 1981;21 Suppl:161-4.

Prostaglandin E2 Dilution Calculator

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 363-24-6 SDF Download SDF
Chemical Name (Z)-7-((1R,2R,3R)-3-hydroxy-2-((S,E)-3-hydroxyoct-1-en-1-yl)-5-oxocyclopentyl)hept-5-enoic acid
Canonical SMILES O[[email protected]](C1)[[email protected]](/C=C/[[email protected]](CCCCC)O)[[email protected]@H](C/C=C\CCCC(O)=O)C1=O
Formula C20H32O5 M.Wt 352.47
Solubility Soluble in DMSO > 10 mM Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

Background

Ki = 9.1, 4.9, 0.33, 0.79 nM for EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4 receptors respectively [1]

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is lipid-derived autacoid which is the main effector prostanoid produced in the zebrafish, and it works by binding and activating the PGE2 receptor. PGE2 receptor is a orphan G protein-coupled receptor.

In vitro: PGE2 can stimulate the gastric nonparietal secretion [3] and has been shown to regulate the function of many cell types including dendritic cells, macrophages, T and B lymphocytes leading to both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects [2].

In vivo: PGE2 regulates many physiological systems including the gastrointestinal and immune systems. In the gastrointestinal tract, PGE2 plays a protective role in maintaining the integrity of the gastric mucosa. PGE2 has also been shown to play a role in the maintenance of blood pressure, particularly in the setting of salt overload [2].

Clinical trial: PGE2 has cytoprotective properties, which prevents mucosal damage of the gastrointestinal tract and also accelerates the healing of existent duodenal ulcers [3]. PGE2 is the active ingredient of dinoprostone, which is a medicine used in labour for softening the cervix and causing uterine contraction.

References:
[1] Abramovitz M1, Adam M, Boie Y, Carrière M, Denis D, Godbout C, Lamontagne S, Rochette C, Sawyer N, Tremblay NM, Belley M, Gallant M, Dufresne C, Gareau Y, Ruel R, Juteau H, Labelle M, Ouimet N, Metters KM.  The utilization of recombinant prostanoid receptors to determine the affinities and selectivities of prostaglandins and related analogs. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 Jan 17;1483(2):285-93.
[2] Hata AN, Breyer RM.  Pharmacology and signaling of prostaglandin receptors: multiple roles in inflammation and immune modulation. Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Aug;103(2):147-66.
[3] Johansson C, Kollberg B.  Clinical trials with prostaglandin E2. Prostaglandins. 1981;21 Suppl:161-4.