In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
GMX1778 (CHS828) is a potent and specific inhibitor of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) with a Kd value of 120 nM .
NAMPT is an NAD+ biosynthesis enzyme. NAD+ is a cofactor of enzymatic redox reactions that are involved in cellular metabolism, including ATP production. NAD+ is also important in many cellular pathways responsible for gene regulation, calcium homeostasis, genomic integrity, longevity and apoptosis. Cancer cells are significantly dependent on NAD+ for supporting high levels of ATP production for rapid cell proliferation .
Treatment with 30 nM GMX1778 for 6 h, extracts of IM-9 cells showed decreased NAD+ and NM levels, compared to cytosolic extracts of untreated cells. These levels continued to decrease throughout the rest of the time course experiment. The most profoundly changed was the metabolite NAD+ level. Between the 6- and 20-h time points, the decline of NAD+ occurred .
The NAD+ salvage pathway produces NAD+ using either nicotinic acid (niacin) (NA) or nicotinamide (niacinamide) (NM) as a substrate. NAPRT1 is short for NA phosphoribosyltransferase 1. On xenograft tumors derived from NAPRT1-proficient (HCT-116) and NAPRT1-deficient (HT1080) cell lines in mice, a 24-h iv infusion of GMX1777 at 150 mg/kg or 650 mg/kg produced antitumor activity. A 4-h iv infusion of NA at 120 mg/kg did not adversely affect the antitumor activity of GMX1777 in the NAPRT1-deficient xenograft, but abolished the antitumor activity of GMX1777 against the NAPRT1-proficient HCT-116 cell line .
. Watson M, Roulston A, Bélec L, et al. The small molecule GMX1778 is a potent inhibitor of NAD+ biosynthesis: strategy for enhanced therapy in nicotinic acid phosphoribosyltransferase 1-deficient tumors. Molecular and cellular biology, 2009, 29(21): 5872-5888.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥18.3mg/mL in DMSO|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|