Adrenorphin (metorphamide) is a potent inhibitor of nicotine-induced adrenaline and noradrenaline release with IC50 value of 10 μM .
Adrenorphin (metorphamide) is an endogenous, C-terminally amidated, opioid octapeptide (Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met-Arg-Arg-Val-NH2) that is produced from proteolytic cleavage of proenkephalin A and is widely distributed throughout the mammalian brain .
Adrenorphin (metorphamide) is selective nicotine-induced adrenaline and noradrenaline release inhibitor and has higher than 100-fold more potent than the reported nicotine-induced adrenaline and noradrenaline release inhibitor Met5-enkephalin. When tested with bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, Adrenorphin (metorphamide) showed inhibition on 5 μM nicotine-induced ATP release by almost 50% at 5μM and the inhibition was not in a dose-dependent manner . In bioassays and binding assays, Metorphamide exhibited high μ-binding activity, as well as κ-binding activity with nearly half percent toμ-binding activity, while showed no activity on δ-binding .
. Marley, P.D., K.I. Mitchelhill, and B.G. Livett, Metorphamide, a novel endogenous adrenal opioid peptide, inhibits nicotine-induced secretion from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Brain Res, 1986. 363(1): p. 10-7.
. Weber, E., et al., Metorphamide: isolation, structure, and biologic activity of an amidated opioid octapeptide from bovine brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1983. 80(23): p. 7362-6.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥98.4mg/mL in DMSO|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|