In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Benzyl Quinolone Carboxylic Acid (BQCA) is a highly selective allosteric potentiator of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) .
M1 is most abundantly mAChR expressed in the hippocampus, cortex, and striatum, and localizes to postsynaptic membranes. M1 regulates several ion channels such as KCNQ inwardly rectifying K+currents, voltage-gated calcium channels, and NMDA receptors. M1 mediates the cognitive effects of ACh. M1 activation could slow AD progression by reducing Aβ42 peptides .
In vitro: BQCA alone showed no effect on calcium mobilization up to 10 μM but increased ACh potency 128.8 ± 20.1-fold at 100 μM. In CHO cells stably expressing human M1, BQCA (100 μM) activated M1 in the absence of ACh to an approximate 50% maximal response. BQCA had no effect on M2–M5, indicating 100-fold selectivity . BQCA dose-dependently reduced the concentration of acetylcholine required to activate the M1 receptor . The effective range for potentiation of M1 in cells by BQCA was 0.1 to 100 μM, with an inflection point value of 845 nM when 3 nM acetylcholine was used .
In vivo: In wild-type mice, BQCA (15 mg/kg) induced c-fos and arc RNA in the cortex, hippocampus, and cerebellum and the arc was also elevated in the striatum. BQCA had no effect in M1-/- mice. In wild-type mice, oral administration of 15 mg/kg BQCA increased the ratio of phosphoERK (pERK) to total ERK by 28%. BQCA showed excellent brain penetration and increased the firing rate of medial prefrontal cortex neurons in vivo in rats .
 Ma L, Seager M A, Wittmann M, et al. Selective activation of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor achieved by allosteric potentiation[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106(37): 15950-15955.
 Shirey J K, Brady A E, Jones P J, et al. A selective allosteric potentiator of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor increases activity of medial prefrontal cortical neurons and restores impairments in reversal learning[J]. Journal of Neuroscience, 2009, 29(45): 14271-14286.
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥30.9mg/mL in DMSO with gentle warming|
|Chemical Name||1,4-dihydro-1-[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|