In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
IC50: 18 nM for VPS34
PIK-III is a VPS34 inhibitor and is able to inhibit autophagy.
VPS34 kinase has been found to be responsible for synthesis and deposition of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate at autophagosome formation sites, resulting in the recruitment of PtdIns(3)P-binding proteins.
In vitro: In previous study, PIK-III was identified as a selective inhibitor of VPS34 binding in a hydrophobic pocket. In addition, PIK-III could acutely inhibit the autophagy and lipidation of LC3, which led to the stabilization of autophagy substrates. Moreover, substrates such as NCOA4 were identified by conducting ubiquitin-affinity proteomic assay on PIK-III-treated cells, which accumulated in cells with ATG7 deficience and co-localized with autolysosomes. NCOA4 could bind ferritin heavy chain-1 directly to target the iron-binding ferritin complex following starvation or iron depletion .
In vivo: Animal study showed that PIK-III-treated Ncoa4-/- mice had a profound accumulation of iron in splenic macrophages that were important for iron reutilization from engulfed red blood cells. In summary, such in vivo results provided a novel mechanism for selective autophagy of ferritin and revealed a previously untouched role for autophagy and NCOA4 in the control of in-vivo iron homeostasis .
Clinical trial: Up to now, PIK-III is still in the preclinical development stage.
 Dowdle WE et al. Selective VPS34 inhibitor blocks autophagy and uncovers a role for NCOA4 in ferritin degradation and iron homeostasis in vivo. Nat Cell Biol. 2014 Nov;16(11):1069-79.
- 1. Manuela Antonioli , Benedetta Pagni, et al. "HPV sensitizes OPSCC cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis by inhibiting autophagy through E7-mediated degradation of AMBRA1." Autophagy. 2020 Nov 23;1-13. PMID:33172332
- 2. Ge L, Zhang M, et al. "Remodeling of ER-exit sites initiates a membrane supply pathway for autophagosome biogenesis." EMBO Rep. 2017 Sep;18(9):1586-1603. PMID:28754694
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥31.9 mg/mL in DMSO; insoluble in H2O; insoluble in EtOH|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|
Quality Control & MSDS
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