In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Jurkat T-lymphocytes treated with an irreversible caspase-2 inhibitor, benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Asp(OMe)-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-fluoromethyl ketone (Z-VDVAD-FMK), or stably transfected with pro-caspase-2 antisense (Casp-2/AS) are refractory to cytochrome c release stimulated by etoposide1.
When etoposide-induced activation of pro-caspase-2 is subverted by Z-VDVAD-FMK or stable transfection of pro-caspase-2 antisense, cytochrome c release and other manifestations of apoptosis are attenuated.
OxyHb significantly activated both caspase-2 and caspase-3 in bovine brain microvessel endothelial cells. The irreversible caspase inhibitors Z-VDVAD-FMK (caspse-2 inhibitor) and Z-DEVD-FMK (caspase-3 inhibitor) significantly reduced cell detachment, caspase-2 and -3 activities, DNA ladders, and proteolytic cleavage of PARP2. Activation of caspase-2 and caspase-3 is essential for OxyHb induced apoptosis in endothelial cells, and Z-VDVAD-FMK and Z-DEVD-FMK have the potential to protect cells.
The minimal-length inhibitor of caspase-2, Z-VDVAD-fmk, which also inhibits caspases 3 and 73, prevented doxorubicin-induced nuclear apoptosis, but not cell death4.
1. J. D. Robertson, M. Enoksson et al. Caspase-2 Acts Upstream of Mitochondria to Promote Cytochrome c Release during Etoposide-induced Apoptosis. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277, :29803–29809, 2002
2. T. Meguro, B. Chen et al. Caspase Inhibitors Attenuate Oxyhemoglobin-Induced Apoptosis in Endothelial Cells, Stroke. 2001; 32:561-566.
3. Talanian, R. V., Quinlan, C., Trautz, S., Hackett, M. C., Mankovich, J. A., Banach, D., Ghayur, T., Brady, K. D., and Wong, W. W. (1997). Substrate speciﬁcity of caspase family proteases. J. Biol. Chem. 272, 9677–9682.
4. Gamen et al (2000) Doxorubicin treatment activates a Z-VAD-sensitive caspase, which causes Dym loss, caspase-9 activity, and apoptosis in Jurkat cells. Exp.Cell Res. 258 223.
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Synonyms||Z-VDVAD-fluoromethylketone, Caspase-2 Inhibitor (fluoromethylketone),Z-Val-Asp(OMe)-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-FMK|
|Solubility||≥34.8 mg/mL in DMSO; insoluble in EtOH; insoluble in H2O|
|Chemical Name||methyl (3S)-5-fluoro-3-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-4-methoxy-2-[[(2S)-3-methyl-2-(phenylmethoxycarbonylamino)butanoyl]amino]-4-oxobutanoyl]amino]-3-methylbutanoyl]amino]propanoyl]amino]-4-oxopentanoate|
|Shipping Condition||Ship with blue ice, or upon other requests.|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.|
|Cell experiment [1,2]:|
The solubility of this compound in DMSO is >10 mM. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 ℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
25 or 100 μM; 1 or 22 h
Jurkat T-lymphocytes pretreated with 25 μM Z-VDVAD-FMK for 1 h, or stably transfected with pro-caspase-2 antisense (Casp-2/AS) are refractory to cytochrome c release stimulated by etoposide. According to the MTT-assay, Jurkat cells treated with 100 μM Z-VDVAD-FMK for 22 h prevented doxorubicin-induced nuclear apoptosis, but not cell death.
. J. D. Robertson, M. Enoksson et al. Caspase-2 Acts Upstream of Mitochondria to Promote Cytochrome c Release during Etoposide-induced Apoptosis. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277, :29803–29809, 2002.
. Gamen et al (2000) Doxorubicin treatment activates a Z-VAD-sensitive caspase, which causes Dym loss, caspase-9 activity, and apoptosis in Jurkat cells. Exp.Cell Res. 258 223.
|Irreversible caspase-2 inhibitor. Attenuates oxyhemoglobin-induced cleavage of PARP and apoptosis in endothelial cells.|
Quality Control & MSDS
- View current batch:
Purity = 98.00%
- COA (Certificate Of Analysis)
- MS (Mass Spectrometry)
- NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance)
- MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet)