In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
IC50: 2.4 nM for KB EP2; 11.4 nM for KB EP4
TG4-155 is a brain penetrant EP2 antagonist.
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) evokes distinct responses via four different ‘E prostanoid’ (EP) receptors. EP2, a G protein-coupled receptor, has diverse roles, such as those in cancer, inflammation, and neuroprotection.
In vitro: Using a set of cell-based TR-FRET assays of cAMP formation, a previous study screened a small molecule library and identified TG4-155 and TG4-166 as the most potent ones. TG4-155 and TG4-166 also showed robust inhibition of PGE2 -induced cAMP accumulation in human EP2-overexpressing C6 glioma cells, without affecting prostaglandin EP4 or β2-adrenergic receptors. Both TG4-155 and TG4-166 could cause a robust rightward shift in the PGE2 dose–response curve without affecting the maximal response to PGE2. TG4-155 at 1 μM caused 1,120-fold shift and TG4-166 at 1 μM caused a 651-fold shift in the PGE2 EC50 .
In vivo: TG4-155 could significantly reduced neuronal injury in hippocampus when administered in mice beginning 1 h after termination of pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus. The salutary actions of TG4-155 raised the possibility that selective block of EP2 signaling through small molecules can be an innovative therapeutic strategy for inflammation-related brain injury .
Clinical trial: So far, no clinical study has been conducted.
 Jiang, J. ,Ganesh, T.,Du, Y., et al. Small molecule antagonist reveals seizure-induced mediation of neuronal injury by prostaglandin E2 receptor subtype EP2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(8), 3149-3154 (2012).
|Physical Appearance||A crystalline solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≤5mg/ml in ethanol;30mg/ml in DMSO;50mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.|