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Reparixin L-lysine salt CXCR1/CXCR2 inhibitor

Catalog No.A3753
Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$300.00
In stock
5mg
$215.00
In stock
10mg
$380.00
In stock
200mg
$1,760.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Citations

1. Sharma I, Singh A, et al. "IL-8/CXCR1/2 signalling promotes tumor cell proliferation, invasion and vascular mimicry in glioblastoma." J Biomed Sci. 2018 Aug 8;25(1):62. PMID:30086759

Quality Control

Chemical structure

Reparixin L-lysine salt

Related Biological Data

Reparixin L-lysine salt

Protocol

Kinase experiment [1]:

Binding assays

Isolated PMNs (107×mL) were resuspended in RPMI 1640 and incubated at 37℃ for 15 min in the presence of repertaxin (1 mM) or vehicle. After incubation cells were resuspended (2×107/mL) in binding medium (RPMI 1640 containing 10 mg/ml BSA, 20 mM HEPES, and 0.02% NaN3) in the presence of repertaxin or vehicle. Aliquots of 0.2 nM of [125I] CXCL8 and serial dilutions of unlabeled CXCL8 were added to 106 cells in 100 μL of binding medium and incubated at room temperature for 1 hr under gentle agitation. Unbound radioactivity was separated from cell-bound radioactivity by centrifugation through anoil gradient (80% silicon and 20% paraffin) on a microcentrifuge. Nonspecific binding was determined by a 200-fold molar excess of unlabeled CXCL8. Scatchard analysis was performed with the LIGAND program.

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

Human polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) and monocytes and rodent peritoneal PMN.

Preparation method

Soluble in DMSO. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Reaction Conditions

45 min (human PMN), 1 h (rodent PMN), or 2 h (monocytes).

Applications

Repertaxin inhibits human PMN migration induced by CXCL8 and CXCL1 with IC50 values of 1 nM and 400 nM respectively, which are mediated by CXCR1 and CXCR2, respectively. Repertaxin also inhibits rodent PMN chemotaxis induced by CXCL1 and CXCL2.

Animal experiment [1]:

Animal models

Rat model of liver postischaemia RI.

Dosage form

3, 15, or 30 mg/kg; 15 min before reperfusion (i.v.) and 2 h after reperfusion (s.c.).

Applications

Repertaxin (15 mg/kg) inhibits PMN recruitment into reperfused livers by 90% and significantly reduces liver damage.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Bertini R, Allegretti M, Bizzarri C, et al. Noncompetitive allosteric inhibitors of the inflammatory chemokine receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2: prevention of reperfusion injury. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2004, 101(32): 11791-11796.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 266359-93-7 SDF Download SDF
Synonyms Repertaxin L-lysine salt
Chemical Name (2S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid;(2R)-2-[4-(2-methylpropyl)phenyl]-N-methylsulfonylpropanamide
Canonical SMILES CC(C)CC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(C)C(=O)NS(=O)(=O)C.C(CCN)CC(C(=O)O)N
Formula C20H35N3O5S M.Wt 429.57
Solubility >21.5mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Background

Reparixin L-lysine salt is an inhibitor of interleukin 8 receptor alpha (CXCR1) and beta (CXCR2) with IC50 value of 5.6 nM and 80 nM respectively [1].

CXCR1 and 2 belong to class A of 7-transmembrane G protein coupled receptor, and they share 78% amino acid identity. They are specific receptors for interleukin-8 which is a chemokine. They are mainly expressed in the neutrophils, where they mediate neutrophil migration to the site of inflammation. In addition, they are also involved in tumor aggressive growth and metastasis of human malignant melanoma.

Structural and biochemical study identified that Reparixin L-lysine salt had non-competitive allosteric interaction with CXCR1 and 2, by which blocking CXCR1 and CXR2 in an inactive conformation, and thus suppressed receptor-induced intracellular signaling cascade and cellular response [2]. When CXCR1 were expressed in L1.2 cells, cell migration induced by 10 nM CXC8 was significantly inhibited by reparixin L-lysine salt [1].

In mouse model, treatment of reparixin L-lysine salt after introduction of injury significantly (15 mg/ kg/ day for 7 days) suppressed secondary degeneration by reducing CXC8-dependent oligodendrocyte apoptosis, migration to the injury site of neutrophils and ED-1-positive cells. Additionally, the level of macrophage-inflammatory protein-2, tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1 beta was also reduced, and the proliferation of glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive cells was significantly reduced [2].

In mouse ischemia model, pre-treatment with reparixin reduced the motor deficits, myeloperoxidase activity and IL-1b level. Furthermore, ischemic injury was also attenuated [3].

References:
[1] Moriconi A et al. , Design of noncompetitive interleukin-8 inhibitors acting on CXCR1 and CXCR2. J Med Chem. 2007, 50(17): 3984-4002.
[2] Gorio A, Madaschi L, Zadra G, Reparixin, an inhibitor of CXCR2 function, attenuates inflammatory responses and promotes recovery of functionafter traumatic lesion to the spinal cord.  J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2007, 322(3): 973-981.
[3] Sousa L F, Coelho F M, Rodrigues D H, Blockade of CXCR1/2 chemokine receptors protects against brain damage in ischemic stroke in mice.  Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2013, 68(3): 391-394.