Pracinostat, also known as SB939, is a potent and orally available inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) with a relatively stronger selectivity (more than 1000-fold) for class I, class II and class IV HDACs rather than class III HDACs. Pracinostat potently suppresses proliferation in a wide range of cancer cell lines, including colon cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate carcinomas, acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and B cell lymphoma. Recent study results have shown that SB939 induces the accumulation of acetylated histone H3 (AcH3) and acetylated α-tubulin and increases the expression of the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor p21 in cancer cells.
Razak AR, Hotte SJ, Siu LL, Chen EX, Hirte HW, Powers J, Walsh W, Stayner LA, Laughlin A, Novotny-Diermayr V, Zhu J, Eisenhauer EA. Phase I clinical, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of SB939, an oral histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumours. Br J Cancer. 2011;104(5):756-762.