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Catalog No.
Anticancer agent
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SizePriceStock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
In stock
In stock
In stock

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IC50: 11.69 μM for A549 cells

Plumbagin, a quinonoid constituent isolated from the root of Plumbago zeylanica L., has been shown to exert anticarcinogenic, antiatherosclerotic, and antimicrobial effects.

In vitro: Plumbagin exhibited effective cell growth inhibition via inducing cancer cells to undergo G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis. Blockade of cell cycle was associated with increased levels of p21 and reduced amounts of Cdc2, Cdc25C and cyclinB1. Plumbagin treatment also found to enhance the levels of inactivated phosphorylated Cdc2 and Cdc25C. Blockade of p53 activity partially decreased plumbagin-induced apoptosis and G2/M arrest, indicating it might be operated by p53-dependent and independent pathway [1].

In vivo: To determine whether plumbagin inhibited the in vivo tumor growth, A549 cells were injected into nude mice. Tumor growth inhibition was most evident in mice treated with plumbagin at 2 mg/kg/day, where around 80% reductions in tumor size were observed, in contrast with mice treated with the vehicle. No sign of toxicity was observed in plumbagin-treated mice as judged by monitoring body weight [1].

Clinical trial: N/A

[1] Hsu YL,Cho CY,Kuo PL,Huang YT,Lin CC.  Plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in A549 cells through p53 accumulation via c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase-mediated phosphorylation at serine 15 in vitro and in vivo. J Pharmacol Exp Ther.2006 Aug;318(2):484-94.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA solid
StorageStore at -20°C
Cas No.481-42-5
Solubilityinsoluble in H2O; ≥25.75 mg/mL in EtOH with ultrasonic; ≥6.35 mg/mL in DMSO
Chemical Name5-hydroxy-2-methylnaphthalene-1,4-dione
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESCC1=CC(=O)C2=C(C1=O)C=CC=C2O
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution: ship with blue ice. All other available sizes: ship with RT, or blue ice upon request.
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.

Quality Control

Quality Control & MSDS

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Chemical structure