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GS-9620 TLR-7 agonist

Catalog No.A3444
Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$120.00
In stock
5mg
$108.00
In stock
10mg
$180.00
In stock
50mg
$700.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Chemical structure

GS-9620

Biological Activity

Description GS-9620 is a potent and selective orally active small-molecule agonist of Toll-like receptor 7(TLR-7).
Targets TLR-7          
IC50            

Protocol

Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs)

Preparation method

Soluble in DMSO. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37℃ for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Reaction Conditions

14 ~ 66 nM

Applications

In human and cynomolgus monkey PBMCs and/or pDCs, GS-9620 induced interferon (IFN)-alpha and other cytokines, with a minimum effective concentration ranging from 14 to 66 nM in humans and with 5-fold less potency in monkeys.

Animal experiment [1]:

Animal models

Cynomolgus monkeys

Dosage form

single doses of 0.1 ~ 2.0 mg, daily doses of 0.1 ~ 1.0 mg for 7 days or every other day doses of 0.05 ~ 1.5 mg for 28 days; p.o.

Applications

In cynomolgus monkeys, GS-9620 was well tolerated even at the highest oral doses (1.5 mg every other day for 28 days). GS-9620 increased IFN-alpha, immunomodulatory cytokines, chemokines and peripheral blood cell IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, there was no evidence of tachyphylaxis following every other day dosing, and oral administration resulted in limited systemic bioavailability but high oral absorption.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1]. Turnas P, Zheng X, Lu B, et al. 1129 Preclinical characterization of GS-9620, a potent and selective oral TLR7 agonist[J]. Journal of Hepatology, 2011, 54: S446-S447.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 1228585-88-3 SDF Download SDF
Synonyms GS 9620;GS9620
Chemical Name 4-amino-2-butoxy-8-[[3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)phenyl]methyl]-5,7-dihydropteridin-6-one
Canonical SMILES CCCCOC1=NC2=C(C(=N1)N)NC(=O)CN2CC3=CC(=CC=C3)CN4CCCC4
Formula C22H30N6O2 M.Wt 410.51
Solubility >20.6mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Background

GS-9620 is an orally active TLR7 agonist with EC50 of 291 nM. [1]
Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) is a pathogen recognition receptor which plays an important role in the detection of, and the innate immune response to, pathogens. TLR7 signaling is predominantly activated by viral single-stranded RNA and is localized within the endolysosomal compartments of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and B lymphocytes in humans and non-human primates. Activation of pDCs plays an important role in the progress of innate response to viral pathogens and are involved in the majority of type I interferon (IFN) production during the acute phase of an infection by viruses. The induction and secretion of endogenous IFNs, including IFN-α and IFN- β, also induce the development of an efficient adaptive immunological response. Interferons induce the transcription of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) which generate an antiviral state within cells, as well as induce the production of other cytokines and chemokines which facilitate intercellular communication and cellular trafficking. GS-9620 could activate TLR7 signaling in immune cells to induce clearance of virus infected cells. [1, 2]
GS-9620 selectively induces IFN-α, cytokines and chemokines. The minimum effective concentrations for IFN-α induction were similar in pDCs and in PBMCs from HCV-positive donors. GS-9620 demonstrates an EC50 of 291 nM for human TLR7, which is 30-fold selectivity over TLR8 with EC50 of 9 μM. [1]
GS-9620 was administered to HBV infected chimpanzees for 8 weeks with an interval of 1 week. Consequently, serum concentrations of HBV surface antigen and HBV antigen, and the number of HBV antigen–positive hepatocytes, were decreased as hepatocyte apoptosis increased. In a phase 1 clinical trial to evaluate the safety and tolerability of GS-9620, treatment of GS-9620 results in dose dependent increases in select cytokines, chemokines, and ISGs beginning at 2mg and is safe in a single dose up to 12mg. Increases in percentages of immunocytes, like T cells, B cells and NK cells, expressing CD69 were also noted in subjects receiving GS-9620 treatment. [2, 3]
References:
[1]. Turnas P, Zheng X, Lu B, et al. 1129 Preclinical characterization of GS-9620, a potent and selective oral TLR7 agonist[J]. Journal of Hepatology, 2011, 54: S446-S447.
[2]. Lanford R E, Guerra B, Chavez D, et al. GS-9620, an oral agonist of Toll-like receptor-7, induces prolonged suppression of hepatitis B virus in chronically infected chimpanzees[J]. Gastroenterology, 2013, 144(7): 1508-1517. e10.
[3]. Lopatin U, Wolfgang G, Kimberlin R, et al. 737 A phase-i, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of single escalating oral doses of GS-9620 in healthy subjects[J]. Journal of Hepatology, 2011, 54: S296.