Bax channel blocker
IC50: 0.52 μM in Bax assay
Bax channel blocker is an inhibitor of Bax-mediated mitochondrial cytochrome c release.
In the cytosol, cytochrome c is found to form a complex with dATP, Apaf-1, and procaspase-9, which results in caspase 9 activation followed by downstream activation of other caspases, such as caspase 8, ultimately leading to the cell death. After caspase 8 cleavage, the 15.5 kDa C-terminal fragment of Bid interacts with Bak and Bax.
In vitro: Bax channel blocker, a 3,6-dibromocarbazole derivative, was observed to inhibit cytochrome c releasing from mitochondria by Bax channel modulation. The monohydroxy analogue Bax channel blocker remained the unprecedented inhibition of Bax-induced cytochrome c release at 10 μM. The IC50 value of Bax channel blocker was determined to be 0.52 μM, indicating that Bax channel blocker was a Bax channel inhibitor as hypothesized. Moreover, in the liposome assay, Bax channel blocker showing significant inhibition (>65%) of cytochrome c release at 10 μM also demonstrated sub-micromolar IC50 value .
In vivo: So far, there is no animal in vivo study conducted for Bax channel blocker.
Clinical trial: N/A
 Bombrun A,Gerber P,Casi G,Terradillos O,Antonsson B,Halazy S. 3,6-dibromocarbazole piperazine derivatives of 2-propanol as first inhibitors of cytochrome c release via Bax channel modulation. J Med Chem.2003 Oct 9;46(21):4365-8.
|Physical Appearance||White solid|
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
|Solubility||<46.72mg/ml in DMSO; <2.34mg/ml in H2O|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|