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Catalog No.
P2X7 receptor antagonist
Grouped product items
SizePriceStock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
In stock
In stock
In stock

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A-740003 is a selective and competitive antagonist of P2X7 receptor with IC50 values of 40 nM and 18 nM in human and rat, respectively [1].

P2X7 receptors are members of ATP-sensitive ionotropic P2X receptor family (P2X1–P2X7). P2X7 receptors can trigger various responses such as activation of caspases, cytokine release, membrane permeabilization, apoptosis and cell proliferation, in immunologically genetic cells [1].

Activated P2X7 receptors rapidly change intracellular calcium concentrations, the release of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and cytolytic plasma membrane pore formation. In human THP-1 cells with a macrophage phenotype that P2X7 receptors were expressed, IL-1β release and pore formation were resulted from the activation of P2X7 receptors. A-740003 potently inhibited pore formation (measured by Yo-Pro uptake) with an IC50 value of 92 nM and blocked the release of IL-1β with an IC50 value of 156 nM [1].

Homomeric P2X7 receptors were activated by 2´,3´-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl)-ATP (BzATP) and ATP at high concentrations. This property made homomeric P2X7 receptors different from other P2 receptor superfamily members. In 1321N1 cells stably expressing P2X7 receptors, BzATP changed intracellular calcium concentrations. A-740003 potently inhibited this change with an IC50 value of 18 nM when rat P2X7 receptors were expressed, and an IC50 value of 40 nM when human P2X7 receptors were expressed. A-740003 also inhibited intracellular Yo-Pro uptake with IC50 values of 138 nM and 93 nM, when the Yo-Pro uptake was mediated by rat and human P2X7 receptors, respectively [1].

[1].  Prisca Honore, Diana Donnelly-Roberts, Marian T. Namovic, et al. A-740003 [N-(1-{[(Cyanoimino)(5-quinolinylamino)methyl]amino}-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)acetamide], a Novel and Selective P2X7 Receptor Antagonist, Dose-Dependently Reduces Neuropathic Pain in the Rat. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2006, 319:1376-1385.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA solid
StorageStore at -20°C
Cas No.861393-28-4
SynonymsA 740003;A740003
Solubility≥23.73 mg/mL in DMSO; insoluble in H2O; ≥2.48 mg/mL in EtOH with gentle warming and ultrasonic
Chemical NameN-[1-[(E)-[(cyanoamino)-(quinolin-5-ylamino)methylidene]amino]-2,2-dimethylpropyl]-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)acetamide
SDFDownload SDF
Shipping ConditionShip with blue ice, or upon other requests.
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility, please warm the tube at 37°C and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while. We do not recommend long-term storage for the solution, please use it up soon.

Biological Activity

Description A-740003 is potent, selective and competitive antagonist of P2X7 receptor with IC50 values of 18 nM and 40 nM for rat and human receptors, respectively.
Targets P2X7 receptor          
IC50 18 nM (rat) 40 nM (human)          

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