In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
(±)-Hexanoylcarnitine chloride is an agonist for cholinergic and a homolog of acetylcarnitine chloride (Cat No. B6273).
Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) is an integral membrane protein receptor for acetylcholine. There are two kinds of AChRs: nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.
(±)-Hexanoylcarnitine chloride is a cholinergic agonist and an intermediate in lipid metabolism . In retinal ganglion cells, acetylcarnitine and acetylcholine inhibited GABAergic responses to exogenous GABA and GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents .
In dogs with coronary ligation, (-)-carnitine chloride (LCC) (300 mg/kg) and acetyl (-)-carnitine chloride (ALCC) (300 mg/kg) inhibited the ventricular arrhythmia. Also, LCC and ALCC improved oxidative phosphorylation rate and the mitochondrial function . In the mouse hot plate test, acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) (100 mg/kg) exhibited analgesia. While, U-73122 and neomycin (the phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitors) blocked the increase of the pain threshold induced by ALCAR. LiCl that impairing phosphatidylinositol synthesis antagonized the antinociception in a dose-dependent way. PMA and PDBu (PKC activators) blocked the increase of the pain threshold in a dose-dependent way. These results suggested that ALCAR analgesia required the participation of the PLC-IP3 pathway .
. Imai S, Matsui K, Nakazawa M, et al. Anti-arrhythmic effects of (-)-carnitine chloride and its acetyl analogue on canine late ventricular arrhythmia induced by ligation of the coronary artery as related to improvement of mitochondrial function. Br J Pharmacol, 1984, 82(2): 533-542.
. B?hring R, Standhardt H, Martelli EA, et al. GABA-activated chloride currents of postnatal mouse retinal ganglion cells are blocked by acetylcholine and acetylcarnitine: how specific are ion channels in immature neurons? Eur J Neurosci, 1994, 6(7): 1089-1099.
. Galeotti N, Bartolini A, Calvani M, et al. Acetyl-L-carnitine requires phospholipase C-IP3 pathway activation to induce antinociception. Neuropharmacology, 2004, 47(2): 286-294.
|Physical Appearance||White solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||<29.58mg/ml in H2O|
|Chemical Name||(R)-3-carboxy-2-(hexanoyloxy)-N,N,N-trimethylpropan-1-aminium chloride|
|Canonical SMILES||OC(C[[email protected]](C[N+](C)(C)C)OC(CCCCC)=O)=O.[Cl-]|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|