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Catalog No.
GSK-3β inhibitor,potent and selective,cell-permeable
Grouped product items
SizePriceStock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
In stock
In stock
In stock

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1-Azakenpaullone is a selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) with IC50 value of 18nM [1, 2].

1-Azakenpaullone is a kenpaullone derivative with a modified heterocyclic basic structure. It shows potent inhibitory activity against GSK-3β over CDK1/cyclin B and CDK5/p25. The IC50 values for CDK1/cyclin B, CDK5/p25 and GSK-3β are 2μM, 4.2μM and 18nM, respectively. As an inhibitor of GSK-3β, 1-Azakenpaullone is developed as potential antidiabetic drug. 1-Azakenpaullone is found to protect rat insulinoma cell line INS-1E cells from glucolipotoxicity and stimulate cell proliferation. Besides that, 1-Azakenpaullone promotes the replication of beta cells in isolated rat islets at concentration of 1μM. In addition, 1-Azakenpaullone is reported to have effect in changing cardiac myocyte morphology. It increases cell area primarily through the elongation of the cells [1, 2 and 3].

[1] Kunick C, Lauenroth K, Leost M, et al. 1-Azakenpaullone is a selective inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3β. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 2004, 14(2): 413-416.
[2] Mussmann R, Geese M, Harder F, et al. Inhibition of GSK3 promotes replication and survival of pancreatic beta cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2007, 282(16): 12030-12037.
[3] Markou T, Cullingford T E, Giraldo A, et al. Glycogen synthase kinases 3α and 3β in cardiac myocytes: regulation and consequences of their inhibition. Cellular signalling, 2008, 20(1): 206-218.

Chemical Properties

Physical AppearanceA solid
StorageStore at -20°C
Cas No.676596-65-9
Solubility≥15.05mg/mL in DMSO
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESC1C2=C(C3=C(C=CC=N3)NC1=O)NC4=C2C=C(C=C4)Br
Shipping ConditionEvaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice.All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
General tipsFor obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.

Biological Activity

Description 1-Azakenpaullone is a potent and selective inhibitor of GSK-3β with IC50 of 18 nM.
Targets GSK-3β          
IC50 18 nM          

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Chemical structure